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CAESAR

LIBER III

1. Dictatore habente comitia Caesare consules creantur Iulius Caesar et P. Servilius. Is enim erat annus quo per leges ei consulem fieri liceret. 2His rebus confectis cum fides tota Italia esset angustior neque creditae pecuniae solverentur constituit ut arbitri darentur: per eos fierent aestimationes possessionum et rerum, quanti quaeque earum ante bellum fuisset, atque eae creditoribus traderentur. 3Hoc et ad timorem novarum tabularum tollendum minuendumque, qui fere bella et civiles dissensiones sequi consuevit, et ad debitorum tuendam existimationem esse aptissimum existimavit. 4Item praetoribus tribunisque plebis rogationes ad populum ferentibus nonnullos ambitus Pompeia lege damnatos illis temporibus quibus in urbe praesidia legionum1 Pompeius habuerat—quae iudicia aliis2 audientibus iudicibus aliis sententiam ferentibus singulis diebus erant perfecta—in integrum restituit, qui se illi initio civilis belli obtulerant si sua opera in bello uti

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CIVIL WAR, BOOK III

BOOK III

1. When Caesar held elections in his capacity as dictator, Julius Caesar and Publius Servilius were elected consuls, this being the year in which it was legally permissible for Caesar to be consul. 2After the elections were over, since credit was rather tight throughout Italy and existing loans were not being repaid, he decided to provide arbitrators. These were to make assessments of real estate and goods, determining the prewar value of each item, and the possessions themselves were to be surrendered to creditors. 3He thought that this would be the most suitable measure both for removing and reducing people’s fear of a cancellation of debts (something that is apt to follow warfare and civil strife) and for preserving the borrowers’ reputations. 4Furthermore, and using praetors and plebeian tribunes to put the necessary legislation before the people, Caesar reinstated some men who had been convicted of bribery under the lex Pompeia in the period when Pompey had kept legionary garrisons1 in Rome—in trials that were concluded in the space of a day, with one set of jurors at the hearing2 and another giving the verdict. These men had offered themselves to him at the beginning of the civil war, in case he wanted to use their services in the war,

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.caesar-civil_war.2016