Tools

CAESAR

LIBER II

1. Dum haec in Hispania geruntur C. Trebonius legatus, qui ad oppugnationem Massiliae relictus erat, duabus ex partibus aggerem vineas turresque ad oppidum agere instituit. 2Vna erat proxima portui navalibusque, altera ad partem1 qua est aditus ex Gallia atque Hispania,2 ad id mare quod vergit ad3 ostium Rhodani. 3Massilia enim fere tribus ex oppidi partibus mari alluitur. Reliqua quarta est quae aditum habeat ab terra. Huius quoque spati pars ea quae ad arcem pertinet, loci natura et valle altissima munita, longam et difficilem habet oppugnationem. 4Ad ea perficienda opera C. Trebonius magnam iumentorum atque hominum multitudinem ex omni provincia vocat, vimina materiamque comportari iubet. Quibus comparatis rebus aggerem in altitudinem pedum LXXX extruit.

2. Sed tanti erant antiquitus in oppido omnium rerum ad bellum apparatus tantaque multitudo4 tormentorum ut

124

CIVIL WAR, BOOK II

BOOK II

1. While this was going on in Spain, Caesar’s officer Gaius Trebonius, who had been left behind for the assault on Marseilles, began to deploy a siege ramp, screens, and towers against the city from two sides. 2One was very close to the harbor and dockyards, the other on the side1 where there is an approach from Gaul and Spain, near the sea that faces2 the Rhone mouth. 3For the sea washes against Marseilles for practically three-quarters of the city’s circumference, leaving one quarter that permits a land approach. Here too, in the part that lies near the citadel, protected as it is by the nature of the terrain and a very deep ravine, an assault is a long and difficult operation. 4To complete his works Trebonius requisitioned a large quantity of pack animals and men from the whole province, and ordered wicker canes and timber to be delivered. After procuring these he built a siege ramp eighty feet high.

2. But from long past the city contained a great store of military supplies of every kind; so great was the quan-

125
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.caesar-civil_war.2016