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The Venerable Bede

CAP. XI1

Ut regnante Honorio Gratianus et Constantinus in Brittania tyranni creati, et mox prior in Brittania, secundus in Gallia sint interempti.

Anno ab incarnatione Domini quadringentesimo septimo tenente imperium Honorio Augusto filio Theodosii minore loco ab Augusto quadragesimo quarto, ante biennium Romanae inruptionis quae per Halaricum Regem Gothorum facta est, cum gentes Halanorum, Suevorum, Vandalorum, multaeque cum his aliae protritis Francis, transito Hreno, totas per Gallias saevirent, apud Brittanias Gratianus municeps tyrannus creatur et occiditur. Huius loco Constantinus ex infima militia, propter solam spem nominis sine merito virtutis eligitur: qui continuo ut invasit imperium in Gallias transiit; ibi saepe a barbaris incertis foederibus inlusus detrimento magis reipublicae fuit: unde mox iubente Honorio Constantius comes in Galliam cum exercitu profectus, apud Arelatem civitatem eum clausit, cepit, occidit: Constantemque filium eius quem ex monacho Caesarem fecerat, Gerontius comes suus apud Viennam interfecit.

Fracta est autem Roma a Gothis anno millesimo centesimo2 sexagesimo quarto suae conditionis, ex quo tempore Romani in Brittania regnare cessarunt, post annos ferme quadringentos septuaginta ex quo Gaius Iulius Caesar eandem insulam adiit. Habitabant

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Scotd and Picts

Chapter XI

How that Honorius being emperor, Gratian and Constantine were made tyrants in Britain, where the first shortly after was slain and the other in Gaul.

The 407th1 year of the Lord’s incarnation, Honorius Augustus, younger son of Theodosius, being emperor in the 44th place after Augustus, two years before that Rome was invaded by Alaric king of the Goths (when the nations of the Alani, the Suevi and the Vandals, and many such other with them, having beaten down the Franks, passed the Rhine and raged throughout all the provinces of Gaul), about that time Gratian a burgher is created tyrant in the Britains and is slain. In his place Constantine, being but a common soldier, was chosen, only for the sake of the hope given by his name without any desert of merit: which, so soon as he had usurped the empire, passed over into the Gauls; where being oft deluded by the barbarous nations, as uncertainly making his league with them, very greatly endomaged the commonwealth: whereupon, Honorius sending count Constantius into Gaul with an army, Constantine was besieged at Arles and there taken and slain: and Constans his son, whom of a monk he had made Caesar, was slain at Vienne by Gerontius,2 his own officer.

Rome was broken of the Goths the 1164th year after it was builded, after which time the Romans left to rule in Britain, being almost 470 years since Gaius Julius Caesar first entered the said island. Now they dwelt within the dyke which (as we have

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.bede-ecclesiastical_history_english_nation.1930