libertátem víndicá(vi Quas ob res1sen)atus decretís honor(ifi)cís in | ordinem suum m(e adlegit C. Pansa 5A. Hirti)o consulibu(s,c)on(sula)ǁrem locum s(ententiae dicendae simu dans2et im)perium mihi dedit. (§) | Rés publica n(e quid detrimenti caperet, me) pro praetore simul cum | consulibus pro(videre iussit. § Populus) autem eódem anno mé | consulem, cum (cos. uterque bello ceci)disset, et trim virum reí publicae constituend(ae creavit.) ǁ
102. Quí parentem meum (interfecer)un(t, eó)s in exilium expulí iudiciís legi|timís ultus eórum (fa)cin(us, § e)t posteá bellum inferentís reí publicae | víci b(is a) cie. |
μένων δουλήας | (ἠλευ)θέ(ρωσα. Ἐφ᾿ ο)ἷς ἡ 5σύνκλητος ἐπαινέσασά ǁ (με ψηφίσμασι) προσκατέλεξε τῆι βουλῆι Γαΐωι Πά(ωσ)ᾳ | (Αὔλωι Ἱρτίωι ὑ)π(ά)το(ι)ς, ἐν τῆι τάξει τῶν ὑπατ(ικῶ)ν | (ἅμα τ)ὸ σ(υμβου)λεύειν δοῦσα, ῥάβδου(ς) τ᾿ ἐμοὶ ἔδωκεν. | (Περ)ὶ τὰ δημόσια πράγματα μή τι βλαβῆι, ἐμοὶ με|(τὰ τῶν ὑπά)των προνοεῖν ἐπέτρεψεν 10ἀντὶ στρατηγο(ῦ) ǁ (ὄντι. § Ὁ δ)ὲ δ(ῆ)μος τῶι αὐτῶι ἐνιαυτῶι, ἀμφοτέρων | (τῶν ὑπάτων π)ολέμωι πεπτω(κ)ό(τ)ων, ἐμὲ ὕπα|(τον ἀπέδειξ)εν καὶ τὴν τῶν τριῶν ἀνδρῶν ἔχον|(τα ἀρχὴν ἐπὶ) τῆι καταστάσει τῶν δ(η)μοσίων πρα|(υμάτων) ε(ἵλ)ατ(ο). ǁ
152. (Τοὺς τὸν πατέρα τὸν ἐμὸν φονεύ)σ(αν)τ(α)ς ἐξώρισα κρί|(σεσιν ἐνδι)κοις τειμω(ρ)ησάμε(νος) αὐτῶν τὸ | (ἀσέβημα κ)αὶ (με)τὰ ταῦτα αὐτοὺς πόλεμον ἐ|(πιφέροντας τῆι πα)τ(ρ)ίδι δὶς ἐνείκησα παρατάξει.|
had been oppressed by the tyranny of a faction.a For which service the senate, with complimentary resolutions, enrolled me in its order, in the consulship of Gaius Pansa and Aulus Hirtius, giving me at the same time consular precedence in voting; it also gave me the imperium.b As propraetor it ordered me, along with the consuls, “to see that the republic suffered no harm.” In the same year, moreover, as both consuls had fallen in war,c the people elected me consul and a triumvir for settling the constitution.d
- aBy “faction” he means Antony, whom he never mentions by name.
- bOn January 2, 43 b.c., the Senate decreed that Octavian should be classed as a quaestorius (Dio, xlvi. 29. 41), should be a member of the Senate (Livy, Epit. cxviii.), should have the consularia ornamenta, and for that reason should give his opinion along with the consuls (App. B.C. iii. 51); he was also given the rank of propraetor with imperium, i.e. the constitutional right to command soldiers.
- cPansa died of his wounds, and Hirtius was killed in action in the operations about Mutina.
- dOctavian became consul August 19, 43 b.c., after marching his army from Cisalpine Gaul to intimidate the Senate. On November 27 the appointment of Octavian, Antony, and Lepidus as triumvirs was brought about by their arrival in the city with armed forces.
- eJulius Caesar.
- fBy the lex Pedia.
- gThe two battles at Philippi.