Res Gestae Divi Augusti
Rérum1 gestárum díví Augusti, quibus orbem terra-(rum) ímperio populi Rom. subiécit, § et inpensarum, quas in rem publicam populumque Ro(ma)num fecit, incísarum in duabus aheneís pílís, quae su(n)t Romae positae, exemplar sub(i)ectum.
I1 Annós undéviginti natus exercitum priváto consilio et privatá impensá | comparávi, (§) per quem rem publicam (do)minatione factionis oppressam | in
Μεθηρμηνευμέναι ὑπεγράφησαν πράξεις τε καὶ δωρεαὶ Σεβαστοῦ θεοῦ, ἃς ἀπέλιπεν ἐπὶ Ῥώμης ἐνκεχαραγμένας χαλκαῖς στήλαις δυσί.
I1. Ἐτῶν δεκαε(ν)νέα ὢν τὸ στράτευμα ἐμῆι γνώμηι καὶ | ἐμοῖς ἀν(αλ)ώμασιν ἡτοί(μασα), δι᾿ οὗ τὰ κοινὰ πρά|γματα (ἐκ τῆ)ς τ(ῶ)ν συνο(μοσα)-
- 1For an explanation of the apices (') and other symbols such as §, used in printing the text, see Introd. pp. 334, 339 f.
The Acts of Augustus as recorded on The Monumentum Ancyranum
Below is a copy of the acts of the Deified Augustus by which he placed the whole world under the sovereignty of the Roman people, and of the amounts which he expended upon the state and the Roman people, as engraved upon two bronze columns which have been set up in Rome.a
1. At the age of nineteen,b on my own initiative and at my own expense, I raised an armyc by means of which I restored libertyd to the republic, which
- aThe title Res Gestae Divi Augusti is that assigned by Mommsen. The superscription, which was engraved in large letters across the top of the first three columns of the Mon. Anc., was of course not by Augustus. It was adapted, as is indicated by the words incisarum . . . exemplar subiectum, from the superscription provided by Tiberius, or some one acting under his orders, for the bronze pillars before the Mausoleum of Augustus at Rome. Its original form on that monument was probably: Res gestae divi Augusti, quibus orbem terrarum imperio populi Romani subiecit, et impensae quas in rem publicam populumque Romanum fecit. The Greek superscription reads: “Below is a translation of the acts and donations of the Deified Augustus as left by him inscribed on two bronze columns at Rome.”
- bOctavian was nineteen on September 23, 44 b.c.
- cDuring October, by offering a bounty of 500 denarii, he induced Caesar’s veterans at Casilinum and Calatia to enlist, and in November the legions named Martia and Quarta repudiated Antony and went over to him. This activity of Octavian, on his own initiative, was ratified by the Senate on December 20, on the motion of Cicero.
- dIn the battle of Mutina, April 43. Augustus may also have had Philippi in mind.