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Athenaeus

καπύρια, πικρίδια, δρακόντια, λευκόφαια, μελανόφαια, κρήνεια, μυλαικά, ἀσκαλώνια.

Περὶ δὲ τῆς προσηγορίας τῶν σύκων λέγων Τρύφων ἐν δευτέρῳ Φυτῶν Ἱστορίας Ἀνδροτίωνά13 φησιν ἐν Γεωργικῷ ἱστορεῖν Συκέα ἕνα τινὰ τῶν Τιτάνων διωκόμενον ὑπὸ Διὸς τὴν μητέρα Γῆν ὑποδέξασθαι bκαὶ ἀνεῖναι τὸ φυτὸν | εἰς διατριβὴν τῷ παιδί, ἀφ᾿ οὗ καὶ Συκέαν πόλιν εἶναι ἐν Κιλικίᾳ. Φερένικος δ᾿ ὁ ἐποποιός, Ἡρακλεώτης δὲ γένος, ἀπὸ Συκῆς τῆς Ὀξύλου θυγατρὸς προσαγορευθῆναι· Ὄξυλον γὰρ τὸν Ὀρείου Ἁμαδρυάδι τῇ ἀδελφῇ μιγέντα μετ᾿ ἄλλων γεννῆσαι Καρύαν, Βάλανον, Κράνειαν, Μορέαν, Αἴγειρον, Πτελέαν, Ἄμπελον, Συκῆν· καὶ ταύτας Ἁμαδρυάδας νύμφας καλεῖσθαι καὶ ἀπ᾿ αὐτῶν πολλὰ τῶν δένδρων προσαγορεύεσθαι. ὅθεν καὶ τὸν Ἱππώνακτα cφάναι· |

συκῆν μέλαιναν, ἀμπέλου κασιγνήτην.

Σωσίβιος δ᾿ ὁ Λάκων ἀποδεικνὺς εὕρημα Διονύσου τὴν συκῆν διὰ τοῦτό φησι καὶ Λακεδαιμονίους Συκίτην Διόνυσον τιμᾶν. Νάξιοι δέ, ὡς Ἀνδρίσκος, ἔτι δ᾿ Ἀγλαοσθένης14 ἱστοροῦσι, Μειλίχιον καλεῖσθαι τὸν Διόνυσον διὰ τὴν τοῦ συκίνου καρποῦ παράδοσιν. διὸ

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Book III

figs, dragon-figs, whitish-gray and dark-gray figs, fountain-figs, mill-figs, and scallion-figs.

In his discussion of the names of figs (sukai) in Book II of Inquiry into Plants, Tryphon (fr. 119 Velsen) says that Androtion in his On Agriculture (FGrH 324 F *76) records that when Syceas, who was one of the Titans, was being pursued by Zeus,29 his mother Earth protected him and made the plant grow up to entertain her child, who also gave his name to the city of Sycea in Cilicia. But the epic poet Pherenicus (SH 672), who was a Heracleot by birth, claims that the name came from Sycē (“Fig Tree”) the daughter of Oxylus. For Oxylus son of Oreius had sex with his sister Hamadryas and begot, among others, daughters named Nut-tree, Oak, Cornel-cherry, Mulberry, Poplar, Elm, Grapevine, and Fig-tree. They were referred to as the Hamadryad30 nymphs, and many trees got their names from them. Hipponax (fr. 52 Degani) as well, therefore, says:

a dark fig tree, sister of a grapevine.

Sosibius of Sparta (FGrH 595 F 10), in the course of demonstrating that Dionysus discovered the fig tree, says that this is why the Spartans worship Dionysus Sukitēs (“of the fig”). According to Andriscus (FGrH 500 F 3), as well as Aglaosthenes (FGrH 499 F *4), the Naxians refer to Dionysus as Meilichios (“Gentle”) because he gave us the fruit

437
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.atheneus_grammarian-learned_banqueters.2007