Athenaeus, The Learned Banqueters

LCL 204: 328-329

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Athenaeus

εὐτυχῶ· πρόπομά τι πρὸ τοῦ δείπνου περιεφέρετο, καθὼς εἰώθει τὸ πρῶτον. καὶ ταῦτ᾿ εἰπὼν ὁ Οὐλπιανὸς ᾔτει πιεῖν37 ψυκτῆρι, ἀρέσκειν ἑαυτὸν φάσκων διὰ τὸ ἑτοίμως ἀπεμνημονευκέναι. ἦν δὲ τῶν ἐν τοῖς προπόμασι, φησί, παρασκευαζομένων ἄλλα τε καὶ δὴ καὶ dταῦτα. |

Μαλάχαι. Ἡσίοδος·

οὐδ᾿ ὅσον ἐν μαλάχῃ τε καὶ ἀσφοδέλῳ μέγ᾿ ὄνειαρ.

τοῦτο Ἀττικόν. ἐγὼ δέ, φησίν, ἐν πολλοῖς ἀντιγράφοις εὗρον τοῦ Ἀντιφάνους Μίνωος διὰ τοῦ  γεγραμμένον·

< . . . > τρώγοντες μολόχης ῥίζαν.

καὶ Ἐπίχαρμος·

πραΰτερος ἐγών γα μολόχας.

Φαινίας δ᾿ ἐν τοῖς Φυτικοῖς φησι· τῆς ἡμέρου μαλάχης eὁ σπερματικὸς τύπος καλεῖται πλακοῦς, | ἐμφερὴς ὢν αὐτῷ· τὸ μὲν γὰρ κτενῶδες ἀνάλογον καθάπερ ἡ τοῦ πλακοῦντος κρηπίς, κατὰ μέσον δὲ τοῦ πλακουντικοῦ ὄγκου τὸ κέντρον ὀμφαλικόν. καὶ περιληφθείσης τῆς κρηπῖδος ὅμοιον γίνεται τοῖς θαλαττίοις περιγεγραμμένοις ἐχίνοις. ὁ δὲ Σίφνιος Δίφιλος ἱστορεῖ ὡς ἡ μαλάχη ἐστὶν εὔχυλος, λεαντικὴ ἀρτηρίας, τὰς ἐπιπολαίους ἀποκρίνουσα38 δριμύτητας. ἐπιτήδειόν

328

Book II

rightly: Before dinner an appetizer plate went around, as was the custom at first. After he said this, Ulpian asked to drink from a wine-cooler, saying that he was pleased at how ready his memory was. The items prepared for the appetizer plates, [Athenaeus] says, included the following in particular:

Mallows. Hesiod (Op. 41):

nor how great a benefit there is in mallow (malachē) and asphodel.

Malachē is the Attic form. But, says [Athenaeus], I found the word written with an omicron in many copies of Antiphanes’ Minos (fr. 156):

eating mallow (molochē) root.

And Epicharmus (fr. 151):

I am milder than a mallow (molocha).

Phaenias says in his On Plants (fr. 44 Wehrli): The seedpod of the domesticated mallow is referred to as a “flatcake,” since it looks like one; because the scalloped part resembles the bottom of the cake, and in the middle of the cake-like mass is a nub like a belly-button. When the bottom is removed, it is like sea urchins drawn in outline.164 Diphilus of Siphnos records that the mallow produces good chulē, lubricates the windpipe, and separates out the bitterness that rises to the top of the stomach. He

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.atheneus_grammarian-learned_banqueters.2007