Aristotle, Situations and Names of Winds

LCL 307: 452-453

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973 aΒορρᾶς. οὗτος ἐν μὲν Μαλλῷ Παγρεύς· πνεῖ γὰρ ἀπὸ κρημνῶν μεγάλων καὶ ὀρῶν διπλῶν παρ᾿ ἄλληλα κειμένων, ἃ καλεῖται Παγρικά. ἐν δὲ Καύνῳ Μέσης. ἐν δὲ Ῥόδῳ Καυνίας· πνεῖ γὰρ ἀπὸ 5Καύνου, ἐνοχλῶν τὸν λιμένα αὐτῶν τῶν Καυνίων. ἐν δὲ Ὀλβίᾳ τῇ κατὰ Μάγυδον1 τῆς Παμφυλίας Ἰδυρεύς2· πνεῖ γὰρ ἀπὸ νήσου ἣ καλεῖται Ἰδυρίς.3 τινὲς δὲ αὐτὸν βορρᾶν οἴονται εἶναι, ἐν οἷς καὶ Λυρναντεῖς οἱ κατὰ Φασηλίδα. Καικίας. οὗτος ἐν μὲν Λέσβῳ καλεῖται Θηβάνας· πνεῖ γὰρ ἀπὸ 10Θήβης πεδίου τοῦ ὑπὲρ τὸν Ἐλαιατικὸν κόλπον τῆς Μυσίας, ἐνοχλεῖ δὲ τὸν Μιτυληναίων λιμένα, μάλιστα δὲ τὸν Μαλόεντα· παρὰ δέ τισι Καυνίας,4 ὃν ἄλλοι βορρᾶν οἴονται εἶναι. Ἀπηλιώτης. οὗτος ἐν μὲν Τριπόλει τῆς Φοινίκης Ποταμεὺς καλεῖται, πνεῖ δὲ ἐκ πεδίου ὁμοίου ἅλωνι μεγάλῃ, 15περιεχομένου ὑπό τε τοῦ Λιβάνου καὶ τοῦ Βαπύρου ὄρους· παρὸ καὶ Ποταμεὺς καλεῖται. ἐνοχλεῖ δὲ τὸ Ποσειδώνειον. ἐν δὲ τῷ Ἰσσικῷ κόλπῳ καὶ περὶ Ῥωσσὸν Συριάνδος· πνεῖ δὲ ἀπὸ τῶν Συρίων πυλῶν, ἃς διέστηκεν ὅ τε Ταῦρος καὶ τὰ Ῥώσια5 ὄρη. ἐν δὲ τῷ Τριπολιτικῷ κόλπῳ Μαρσεύς,


Situations and Names of Winds

The Situations and Names of Winds

From Aristotle’s Treatise of Meteorological Signs

Borras. At Mallus this is called Pagreus, for it blows from high cliffs and the parallel ranges of two mountains, which are called Pagrica. At Caunus it is called Meses; and at Rhodes Caunias, as it blows from Caunus and ruffles the harbour of the Caunians. In Olbia by Magydum in Pamphylia it is called Idyreus; for it blows from the island called Idyris. Some there, like the Lyrnantieis at Phaselis, call it Borras. Caecias. In Lesbos this is called Thebanas, for it blows from the plains of Thebes above the Eleatic Gulf in Mysia, and ruffles the harbour of the Mityleneans, and especially the Malian, but among some the wind is called Caunias which others name Borras. Apeliotes. In Tripolis in Phoenicia this is called Potameus, and it blows from a plain like a huge threshing-floor, which is surrounded by the mountains Libanus and Bapyrus; hence it is called Potameus. It ruffles the harbour of Poseidonium. In the Issic Gulf and about Rhosus it is called Syriander; it blows from the Syrian gates, which the Taurus and Rhosian mountains divide. In the gulf of Tripolis it is called

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.aristotle-situations_names_winds.1936