Aristotle, Problems

LCL 317: 418-419

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ἐπιγινομένης τὸ ὑγρὸν καταναλίσκεται; πρὸς δὲ τούτοις ἡ σὰρξ τριβομένη πυκνοῦται· ἅπαντα δὲ ὅσα 5πλείονος τρίψεως τυγχάνει, | πυκνοῦται καὶ στερεὰ γίνεται. θεωρῆσαι δὲ τὸ τοιοῦτον ἔστιν ἐπὶ πολλῶν· τὸ γὰρ σταῖς ἢ πηλὸς ἢ ἄλλο τι τῶν τοιούτων, ἐὰν μὲν ὕδωρ ἐπιχέας ἕλκῃς, ὑγρὰ καὶ κλυδῶντα διαμένει, ἐὰν δὲ πλείω τρῖψιν προσάγῃς, πυκνοῦταί τε καὶ στερεοῦται ταχέως καὶ γλίσχρα γίνεται. |

106. Διὰ τί αἱ τρίψεις μᾶλλον σαρκοῦσι τῶν δρόμων; <ἢ>5 ὅτι οἱ μὲν δρόμοι περιψύχουσι τὴν σάρκα καὶ οὐ δεκτικὴν τροφῆς παρασκευάζουσιν, ἀλλὰ τὰ μὲν συσσείεται κάτω, τὰ δ᾿ ἐπιπολῆς6 τοῦ φυσικοῦ θερμοῦ ἐπιτελουμένου παντελῶς λεπτυνόμενα εἰς πνεῦμα διακρίνεται; 15ἡ δὲ παλάμη τῇ | τρίψει τὴν σάρκα ἀραιὰν καὶ δεκτικὴν αὐτῆς παρασκευάζει. καὶ ἡ ἔξωθεν δὴ7 ἁφὴ ἐναντιουμένη διὰ τῆς πιλήσεως τῇ φορᾷ αὐτὴν8 συνέχει μᾶλλον, καὶ ἀνάκλασιν τῆς σαρκὸς ποιεῖται.



is used up? But in addition to these,9 the flesh when massaged thickens; and anything receiving much massaging thickens and becomes firm. Now this can be seen in many cases: for dough or clay or any other such substance, if you pour water on it and draw it out,10 it remains moist and watery, whereas if you apply more massage, they quickly thicken and harden, and become sticky.

6.11 Why do massages produce more flesh than running? Is it because running cools the flesh and renders it unable to receive nourishment, but part (of the nourishment) is shaken downward, while the part on the surface, when the natural heat is exhausted, becomes extremely thin12 and separates in the form of breath? But the palm, through massage, renders the flesh porous and able to receive nourishment. And the external contact, opposing by its pressure the movement, restrains it more13 and produces a bending back of the flesh.

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.aristotle-problems.2011