Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics

LCL 73: 516-517

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Aristotle

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iἘν πάσαις δὲ ταῖς ἀνομοειδέσι1 φιλίαις τὸ ἀνάλογον ἰσάζει καὶ σῴζει τὴν φιλίαν, καθάπερ εἴρηται, οἷον καὶ ἐν τῇ πολιτικῇ τῷ σκυτοτόμῳ ἀντὶ τῶν ὑποδημάτων ἀμοιβὴ γίνεται κατ᾿ ἀξίαν,35 2καὶ τῷ ὑφάντῃ καὶ τοῖς λοιποῖς. ἐνταῦθα μὲν1164 a οὖν πεπόρισται κοινὸν μέτρον τὸ νόμισμα, καὶ πρὸς τοῦτο δὴ πάντα ἀναφέρεται, καὶ τούτῳ μετρεῖται· ἐν δὲ τῇ ἐρωτικῇ ἐνίοτε μὲν ὁ ἐραστὴς ἐγκαλεῖ ὅτι ὑπερφιλῶν οὐκ ἀντιφιλεῖται, οὐθὲν ἔχων φιλητόν, εἰ οὕτως ἔτυχεν, πολλάκις δ᾿ ὁ5 ἐρώμενος ὅτι πρότερον ἐπαγγελλόμενος πάντα 3νῦν οὐθὲν ἐπιτελεῖ. συμβαίνει δὲ τὰ τοιαῦτα,

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Nicomachean Ethics, IX.

Book IX

iIn all dissimilara friendships, it is proportion, as has The claims of Friendship (ctd.): three difficulties solved cc. i-iii. c. i. First Difficulty: how and by which party is the due return for a service to be measured? Answer: its measure should be the value of the service to the recipient. been said, that establishes equality and preserves the friendship; just as, in the relations between fellow-citizens, the shoemaker receives payment for his shoes, and the weaver and the other craftsmen 2for their products, according to value rendered. In these business relationships then a common measure has been devised, namely money, and this is a standard to which all things are referred and by which they are measured. But in sentimental friendships, the lover sometimes complains that his warmest affection meets with no affection in return, it may be because there is nothing in him to arouse affection; while the person loved frequently complains that the lover who formerly promised everything now fulfils 3none of his promises. Such disputes occur when

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.aristotle-nicomachean_ethics.1926