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Aristotle

830 a

830 b 52. Τοὺς ἐν Ἀραβίᾳ φασὶ καμήλους μὴ ἀναβαίνειν ἐπὶ τὰς μητέρας, ἀλλὰ κἂν βιάσηταί τις, οὐ θέλουσι. καὶ γάρ ποτε λέγεται, ἐπεὶ οὐκ ἦν ὀχεῖον, τὸν ἐπιμελητὴν καλύψαντα ἐφεῖναι τὸν πῶλον. ὁ δὲ τὸ ὀχεύειν1 τότε μέν, ὡς ἔοικε, συνετέλεσε, μικρῷ δ᾿ 10ὕστερον δάκνων τὸν καμηλίτην ἀπέκτεινεν.

3. Τοὺς κόκκυγάς φασι τοὺς ἐν Ἑλίκῃ, ὅταν μέλλωσι τίκτειν, μὴ ποιεῖν νεοττιάν, ἀλλ᾿ ἐν ταῖς τῶν φαττῶν ἢ ταῖς τῶν τρυγόνων ἐντίκτειν, καὶ μήτ᾿ ἐπῳάζειν μήτ᾿ ἐκκολάπτειν μήτε τρέφειν 15αὐτούς· ἀλλ᾿ ὅταν γεννηθῇ ὁ νεοττὸς καὶ ἐκτραφῇ, μεθ᾿ ὧν ἂν οὗτος συνῇ, τούτους ἐκ τῆς νεοττιᾶς ἐκβάλλειν. γίνεται δ᾿, ὡς ἔοικε, μέγας καὶ καλός, ὥστε ῥᾳδίως κατακρατεῖν τῶν λοιπῶν. τούτῳ δὲ χαίρειν φασὶ καὶ τὰς φάττας οὕτως ὥστε καὶ αὐτὰς συνεκβάλλειν ἐκείνῳ τοὺς ἰδίους νεοττούς.

204. Αἱ ἐν Κρήτῃ αἶγες ὅταν τοξευθῶσι, ζητοῦσιν, ὡς ἔοικε, τὸ δίκταμον τὸ ἐκεῖ φυόμενον. ὅταν γὰρ φάγωσιν, εὐθὺς ἐκβάλλουσι τὰ τοξεύματα.

5. Φασί τινας ἐν Ἀχαΐᾳ τῶν ἐλάφων, ὅταν ἀποβάλωσι τὰ κέρατα, εἰς τοιούτους τόπους ἔρχεσθαι 25ὥστε μὴ ῥᾳδίως εὑρεθῆναι. τοῦτο δὲ ποιεῖν διὰ 831 aτὸ μὴ ἔχειν ᾧ ἀμυνοῦνται, καὶ διὰ τὸ πονεῖν τοὺς τόπους ὅθεν τὰ κέρατα ἀπέβαλον. πολλαῖς δὲ καὶ κισσὸν ἐπιπεφυκότα ἐν τῷ τῶν κεράτων τόπῳ ὁρᾶσθαι.

6. Ἐν Ἀρμενίᾳ φάρμακόν τί φασι φύεσθαι ὃ 5καλεῖται παρδάλειον. τούτῳ οὖν, ὅταν ὀφθῇ πάρδαλις, χρίσαντες τὸ ἱερεῖον ἀφιᾶσιν. ἡ δὲ ὅταν ἅψηται αὐτοῦ, ζητεῖ, ὡς ἔοικε, τὴν τοῦ ἀνθρώπου κόπρον. διὸ καὶ οἱ κυνηγοὶ εἰς ἀγγεῖον αὐτὴν

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On Marvellous Things Heard

2. They say that camels in Arabia do not mate with their dams, and will not do so even if force is used. A story is told that once, when no stallion was available, the man in charge secretly introduced a colt. Apparently the colt completed the mating, but soon after bit the camel-driver to death.

3. They say that the cuckoos in Helice, when they are going to lay eggs, do not make a nest, but lay them in the nests of doves or pigeons, and do not sit, nor hatch, nor bring up their young; but when the young bird is born and has grown big, it casts out of the nest those with whom it has so far lived. It becomes apparently a fine strong bird, so it can easily master the others. They say that the ring-doves so delight in this, that they join in turning out their own young.

4. Goats in Crete when they are wounded with an arrow appear to hunt for dittany, which grows there. When they have eaten it, they immediately pull out the arrows.

5. They say that some deer in Achaea, when they shed their horns, go in to such places that they cannot easily be found. They do this because they have nothing to defend themselves with, and because the points from which they have cast off their horns are painful. In the place of the horns ivy may often be seen to have grown on them.

6. In Armenia they say that a plant grows which is called leopard’s bane. When a leopard has been seen, they anoint a victim with this, and set him free. When the leopard has touched this, he apparently seeks human excrement. So the hunters, putting

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.aristotle-marvellous_things_heard.1936