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ὥραν, καὶ τίκτει ἀρχομένου τοῦ θέρους. λέγεται δέ 580 a 15τις περὶ τοῦ τόκου λόγος πρὸς μῦθον συνάπτων· φασὶ γὰρ πάντας τοὺς λύκους ἐν δώδεχ᾿ ἡμέραις τοῦ ἐνιαυτοῦ τίκτειν. τούτου δὲ τὴν αἰτίαν ἐν μύθῳ λέγουσιν, ὅτι ἐν τοσαύταις ἡμέραις τὴν Λητὼ παρεκόμισαν ἐξ Ὑπερβορέων εἰς Δῆλον, λύκαιναν φαινομένην διὰ τὸν τῆς Ἥρας φόβον. εἰ δ᾿ ἐστὶν ὁ χρόνος 20οὗτος τῆς κυήσεως ἢ μή1 ἐστιν, οὐδέν πω συνῶπται μέχρι γε τοῦ νῦν, ἀλλ᾿ ἢ ὅτι λέγεται μόνον. οὐκ ἀληθὲς δὲ φαίνεται ὂν οὐδὲ τὸ λεγόμενον ὡς ἅπαξ ἐν τῷ βίῳ τίκτουσιν οἱ λύκοι.

Οἱ δ᾿ αἴλουροι καὶ οἱ ἰχνεύμονες τίκτουσιν ὅσαπερ καὶ οἱ κύνες, καὶ τρέφονται τοῖς αὐτοῖς· ζῶσι δὲ 25περὶ ἔτη ἕξ. καὶ ὁ πανθὴρ δὲ τίκτει τυφλὰ ὥσπερ λύκος, τίκτει δὲ τὰ πλεῖστα τέτταρα τὸν ἀριθμόν.2 καὶ οἱ θῶες δ᾿ ὁμοίως κυΐσκονται τοῖς κυσί, καὶ τίκτουσι τυφλά. τίκτουσι δὲ καὶ δύο καὶ τρία καὶ τέτταρα τὸν ἀριθμόν. ἔστι δὲ τὴν ἰδένα ἐπ᾿ οὐρὰν μὲν μακρός, τὸ δ᾿ ὕψος βραχύτερος.3 ὅμως4 δὲ 30ταχυτῆτι διαφέρει, καίπερ τῶν σκελῶν ὄντων βραχέων, διὰ τὸ ὑγρὸς εἶναι καὶ πηδᾶν5 πόρρω.

580 bXXXVIΕἰσὶ δ᾿ ἐν Συρίᾳ οἱ καλούμενοι ἡμίονοι, ἕτερον γένος τῶν ἐκ συνδυασμοῦ γιγνομένων ἵππου καὶ ὄνου, ὅμοιοι δὲ τὴν ὄψιν, ὥσπερ καὶ οἱ ἄγριοι ὄνοι πρὸς τοὺς ἡμέρους, ἀπό τινος ὁμοιότητος λεχθέντες. εἰσὶ δ᾿ ὥσπερ οἱ ὄνοι οἱ ἄγριοι καὶ οἱ6 ἡμίονοι τὴν

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Historia Animalium, VI. xxxvi

and the young are born at the beginning of summer. An account is given of the she-wolf’s parturition which comes very near the fabulous, viz., that there are just twelve days in the year during which all wolves bring forth their young. The reason for this, they say, is found in a fable, which alleges that it took twelve days to bring Leto from the land of the Hyperboreans to Delos, during which time she had the appearance of a she-wolf because she was afraid of Hera.a Whether this really is the time for their pregnancy or not, has not yet been definitely established by observation; that is merely what is asserted. The other assertion, that the she-wolf bears only once in her life, is patently untrue.

Cats and ichneumons (“trackers”) bear the sameCats, etc. number of young as dogs, and live on the same diet; they live for about six years. The panther’s cubs, like the wolf’s, are born blind; the maximum number at a birth is four. Conception in the thōsb is similar to that in the dog; the young are born blind, and two, three, or four are produced at a birth. To look at, the thōs is long from head to tail, but does not stand so high. However, in spite of its short legs, it is exceptionally swift, owing to its being so supple and because it can jump a long way.

In Syria there are the so-called half-asses,c a differentXXXVI half-asses. animal from those which are the offspring of horse and ass, though similar in appearance, just as wild asses are, compared with domesticated ones, and this accounts for their name. Like the wild asses, these

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.aristotle-history_animals.1965