756 b σπέρμα διὰ τῆς κοιλίας πεττούσης ἀεὶ τὸ ἐγγινόμενον, καθάπερ τὴν τροφήν, ἄτοπον. ὑστέρας δ᾿ 30ἔχουσι καὶ ταῦτα τὰ ὄρνεα, καὶ ᾠὰ φαίνεται πρὸς τοῖς ὑποζώμασιν. καὶ ἡ γαλῆ, καθάπερ τἆλλα τετράποδα, τὸν αὐτὸν τρόπον ἔχει ἐκείνοις τὰς ὑστέρας· ἐξ ὧν εἰς τὸ στόμα πῇ βαδιεῖται τὸ ἔμβρυον; ἀλλὰ διὰ τὸ τίκτειν πάμπαν μικρὰ τὴν γαλῆν, καθάπερ καὶ τἆλλα τὰ σχιζόποδα, περὶ ὧν 757 aὕστερον ἐροῦμεν, τῷ δὲ στόματι πολλάκις μεταφέρειν τοὺς νεοττούς, ταύτην πεποίηκε τὴν δόξαν.
Εὐηθικῶς δὲ καὶ λίαν διεψευσμένοι καὶ οἱ περὶ τρόχου καὶ ὑαίνης λέγοντες. φασὶ γὰρ τὴν μὲν ὕαιναν πολλοί, τὸν δὲ τρόχον Ἡρόδωρος ὁ Ἡρακλεώτης, 5δύο αἰδοῖα ἔχειν, ἄρρενος καὶ θήλεος, καὶ τὸν μὲν τρόχον αὐτὸν αὑτὸν ὀχεύειν, τὴν δ᾿ ὕαιναν ὀχεύειν καὶ ὀχεύεσθαι παρ᾿ ἔτος. ὦπται γὰρ ἡ ὕαινα ἓν ἔχουσα αἰδοῖον· ἐν ἐνίοις γὰρ τόποις οὐ σπάνις τῆς θεωρίας· ἀλλ᾿ ἔχουσιν αἱ ὕαιναι ὑπὸ τὴν κέρκον ὁμοίαν γραμμὴν τῷ τοῦ θήλεος αἰδοίῳ. 10ἔχουσι μὲν οὖν καὶ οἱ ἄρρενες καὶ αἱ θήλειαι τὸ τοιοῦτον σημεῖον, ἀλλ᾿ ἁλίσκονται οἱ ἄρρενες μᾶλλον· διὸ τοῖς ἐκ παρόδου θεωροῦσι ταύτην ἐποίησε τὴν δόξαν.
semen manages to pass through the stomach and arrive in the uterus, in view of the fact that the stomach concocts everything that gets into it, as it does the nourishment. Besides, these birds have a uterus, just like other birds, and eggs can plainly be seen up towards the diaphragm. (2) The weasel, too, like other quadrupeds, has a uterus of exactly the same sort as theirs; and how is the embryo going to make its way from that uterus into the mouth? This notion is really due to the fact that the weasel produces very tiny young ones (as do the rest of the fissipede animals, of which we shall speak later),a and that it often carries them about in its mouth.
(3) There is another silly and extremely wrong-headed story which is told about the trochosb and the hyena,c to the effect that they have two pudenda, male and female (there are many who assert this of the hyena; Herodorus of Heraclead asserts it of the trochos), and that whereas the trochos impregnates itself, the hyena mounts and is mounted in alternate years. In some localities, however, there is ample opportunity for inspection, and the hyena has been observed to possess one pudendum only; but hyenas have under the tail a line similar to the female pudendum. Both male and female ones have this mark, but as the males are captured more frequently, casual inspection has given rise to this erroneous idea.e
- aIn Bk. IV.
- bThis animal cannot be identified. It must be distinguished from the genus now called Trochus, which are shellfish. No species of mammal is normally hermaphrodite.
- cSee also H.A. 579 b 15 ff.
- dHeraclea Pontica, a colony of Megara, on the south shore of the Black Sea, about 100 miles east of the Bosporus. Herodorus (fl. c. 400 b.c.) was the father of the sophist Bryson (both are mentioned at H.A. 563 a 7 and 615 a 9). He wrote a History of Heracles, which seems to have contained a great variety of matter.
- eSee add. note, p. 565.