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Aristotle

ΗΘΙΚΩΝ ΕΥΔΗΜΙΩΝ Α

1214 a

I. Ὁ μὲν ἐν Δήλῳ παρὰ τῷ θεῷ τὴν αὑτοῦ1 γνώμην ἀποφηνάμενος συνέγραψεν ἐπὶ τὸ προπύλαιον τοῦ Λητῴου διελὼν ὡς1 οὐχ ὑπάρχοντα πάντα τῷ αὐτῷ τό τε ἀγαθὸν καὶ τὸ καλὸν καὶ τὸ ἡδύ, ποιήσας

5κάλλιστον τὸ δικαιότατον, λῷστον δ᾿ ὑγιαίνειν, πάντων ἥδιστον δ᾿2 οὗ τις ἐρᾷ τὸ τυχεῖν.

ἡμεῖς δ᾿ αὐτῷ μὴ συγχωρῶμεν· ἡ γὰρ εὐδαιμονία κάλλιστον καὶ ἄριστον ἁπάντων οὖσα ἥδιστόν ἐστιν.

Πολλῶν δ᾿ ὄντων θεωρημάτων ἃ περὶ ἕκαστον2 10πρᾶγμα καὶ περὶ ἑκάστην φύσιν ἀπορίαν ἔχει καὶ δεῖται σκέψεως, τὰ μὲν αὐτῶν συντείνει πρὸς τὸ γνῶναι μόνον, τὰ δὲ καὶ περὶ τὰς κτήσεις3 καὶ περὶ τὰς πράξεις τοῦ πράγματος. ὅσα μὲν οὖν3 ἔχει φιλοσοφίαν μόνον θεωρητικήν, λεκτέον κατὰ τὸν ἐπιβάλλοντα καιρὸν ὅτι περ ἂν οἰκεῖον ᾖ4 τῇ

  • 1ὡς add. Sp.
  • 2δ᾿ hic Fr.: ante ἥδιστον aut om. codd.
  • 3χρήσεις Sp.
  • 4Ric.: ὅ τι περ οἰκεῖον ἦν.
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Eudemian Ethics, I. I.

The Eudemian Ethics

Book I

1I. The mana who at Delos set forth in the precinct Books I. IX. init. Happiness. Introduction (cc. i.–vi.): the supreme good— of the god his own opinion composed an inscription for the forecourt of the temple of Leto in which he distinguished goodness, beauty and pleasantness as not all being properties of the same thing. His verses are:

Justiceb is fairest, and Health is best, But to win one’s desire is the pleasantest.

But for our part let us not allow that he is right; for Happinessc is at once the pleasantest and the fairest and best of all things whatever.

2About every thing and every natural species there its mode of acquisition, are many views that involve difficulty and require examination; of these some relate only to our knowledge of the thing, others deal also with modes of 3acquiring it and of acting in relation to it. As to all those views therefore that involve only speculative philosophy, we must say whatever may be proper to the inquiry when the suitable occasion occurs.

  • aTheognis (255 f. with slight variation, quoted also in N.E. i., 1099 a 27).
  • bOr ‘Righteousness’; the term includes more than justice.
  • cOr ‘Well-being’; the Greek word is entirely noncommittal, and does not necessarily denote a state of feeling, consciousness of welfare.
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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.aristotle-eudemian_ethics.1935