Archilochus, Fragments

LCL 259: 276-277

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K.-A.) καὶ Καλλίμαχος ἐν τοῖς ἐπιγράμμασιν (fr. 397 Pf.), καὶ μαρτυροῦσιν εἶναι Ὁμήρου τὸ ποίημα.

304 Hesych.

πυρριχίζειν· τὴν ἐνόπλιον ὄρχησιν καὶ σύντονον πυρρίχην ἔλεγον. οἱ μὲν ἀπὸ Πυρρίχου τοῦ Κρητός . . . οἱ δὲ ἀπὸ Πύρρου τοῦ Ἀχιλλέως· ἐφησθέντα γὰρ τῷ Εὐρυπύλου φόνῳ ὀρχήσασθαί φησιν Ἀρχίλοχος.

305 Malalas, chron. 4 (p. 68.1 Dindorf)

τῶν δὲ Ἀργείων μετὰ τὸν Ἴναχον ἐβασίλευσεν ὁ Φορωνεὺς καὶ ἄλλοι πολλοὶ ἕως τῆς βασιλείας Λυγκέως τοῦ ἀγαγομένου τὴν Ὑπερμνήστραν γυναῖκα τῶν Δαναοῦ θυγατέρων. ὅστις Λυγκεὺς πολεμήσας τῷ Δαναῷ βασιλεῖ τοῦτον ἐφόνευσε καὶ ἔλαβε τὴν βασιλείαν καὶ τὴν θυγατέρα αὐτοῦ, καθὼς Ἀρχίλοχος ὁ σοφώτατος συνεγράψατο.

307 Phot. lex.

εὕδοντι δ᾿ αἱρεῖ κύρτος.

παροιμία. καθεύδουσι γὰρ καθέντες τοὺς κύρτους. παρὰ τοῦτο ἐποίησε Κρατῖνος Ἀρχιλόχοις (fr. 3 K.-A.) “εὕδοντι δ᾿ αἱρεῖ πρωκτός.”

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his epigrams, and they testify that the poem is Homer’s.

304 Hesychius, Lexicon

Πυρριχίζειν: they gave the name πυρρίχη to a vigorous, martial dance. Some derive the word from Pyrrhicus the Cretan . . . others from Pyrrhus the son of Achilles. Archilochus1 says that Pyrrhus danced for joy at the slaying of Eurypylus.

305 Malalas, Chronography

After Inachus Phoroneus and many others ruled over the Argives until the kingship of Lynceus who married Hypermnestra, one of the daughters of Danaus. This Lynceus made war on king Danaus, slew him, and took the kingship and his daughter, according to the account of the wise Archilochus.1

307 Photius, Lexicon

The fish trap does the catching while one sleeps.

A Proverb. For after letting down the fish traps they sleep.

As a parody of this Cratinus in Archilochi composed “his anus does the catching while he sleeps.”1

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.archilochus-fragments.1999