Appian, Roman History. Civil Wars

LCL 544: 2-3

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1. Μετὰ δὲ τὸν Κασσίου καὶ Βρούτου θάνατον ὁ μὲν Καῖσαρ ἐπὶ τῆς Ἰταλίας ᾔει, ὁ δὲ Ἀντώνιος ἐς τὴν Ἀσίαν, ἔνθα αὐτῷ συμβάλλει Κλεοπάτρα βασιλὶς Αἰγύπτου, καὶ εὐθὺς ὀφθεῖσα ἐκράτει. 2ὁ δὲ ἔρως ὅδε αὐτοῖς τε ἐκείνοις ἐς ἔσχατον ἔληξε κακοῦ καὶ ἐς ὅλην Αἴγυπτον ἐπ᾿ ἐκείνοις. ὅθεν ἄν τι καὶ Αἰγύπτιον εἴη τῆσδε τῆς βίβλου μέρος, ὀλίγον τε καὶ οὐκ ἄξιον ἐπιγραφῆς πω, διὸ δὴ καὶ τοῖς ἐμφυλίοις πολὺ πλείοσιν οὖσιν ἐπίμικτον. 3ἐγίγνετο γὰρ δὴ καὶ μετὰ Κάσσιόν τε καὶ Βροῦτον ἕτερα ἐμφύλια ὅμοια, στρατηγοῦ μὲν οὐδενὸς ὄντος ἐπὶ πᾶσιν ὥσπερ ἐκείνοις, κατὰ μέρος δὲ ἑτέρων, μέχρι Πομπήιός τε Σέξστος, ὁ νεώτερος παῖς Πομπηίου Μάγνου, λοιπὸς ὢν ἔτι τῆσδε τῆς στάσεως, τοῖς ἀμφὶ τὸν Βροῦτον ἐπανῃρέθη, καὶ Λέπιδος ἐξέπεσε τοῦ μέρους τῆς ἡγεμονίας καὶ ἡ Ῥωμαίων ἀρχὴ πᾶσα περιῆλθεν ἐς δύο μόνον, Ἀντώνιόν τε καὶ Καίσαρα. ἐγίνετο δὲ αὐτῶν ἕκαστα οὕτως.

2. 4Κάσσιος ὁ Παρμήσιος ἐπίκλην ὑπελέλειπτο μὲν ὑπὸ Κασσίου καὶ Βρούτου περὶ τὴν Ἀσίαν ἐπὶ νεῶν





1. After the death of Cassius and Brutus, Octavian went to Italy and Antony to Asia, where Cleopatra, queen of Egypt, meets him and conquered his heart at first sight. 2This passion ended in complete disaster for them, and for the whole of Egypt in addition. For this reason a part of the book will deal with Egypt—a small part, however, not really worth mentioning in the title, since it is mixed in with the far more substantial narrative of the civil wars.3 For even after Cassius and Brutus, other similar civil conflicts occurred, but there was no one in overall command as they had been, just different commanders in different sectors. Eventually, Sextus Pompeius, the younger son of Pompey the Great and last remaining member of that faction, was killed, as Brutus and his men had been; Lepidus was removed from his share of the leadership; and the whole government of Rome devolved on two men only, Antony and Octavian. The details of these events are as follows.

2. 4Cassius of Parma, as he was known, had been left by Cassius and Brutus in Asia in command of ships and troops

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.appian-roman_history_civil_wars.2020