Appian, Roman History. Civil Wars

LCL 543: 186-187

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APPIAN

XVI

ΕΜΦΥΛΙΩΝ ΤΕΤΑΡΤΗ

1. Δύο μὲν δὴ Γαΐου Καίσαρος φονεῖς οὕτω δίκην, ἐν ταῖς σφετέραις αὐτῶν στρατηγίαις ἐκπολεμηθέντες, ἐδεδώκεσαν, Τρεβώνιος ἐν τῇ Ἀσίᾳ καὶ Δέκμος ἐν τῇ Κελτικῇ· ὅπως δὲ ἔδοσαν Κάσσιός τε καὶ Βροῦτος, οἳ καὶ μάλιστα τῆς ἐπιβουλῆς ἐπὶ τῷ Καίσαρι ἦρξαν, καὶ γῆς ἐκράτουν ἀπὸ Συρίας ἐπὶ Μακεδονίαν ἁπάσης, καὶ στρατὸς ἦν αὐτοῖς πολύς, ἱππικός τε καὶ ναυτικὸς καὶ ὁπλιτῶν ὑπὲρ εἴκοσι τέλη, καὶ νῆες ὁμοῦ καὶ χρήματα, ἡ τετάρτη τῶν ἐμφυλίων ἥδε ὑποδείκνυσιν. 2ἅμα δὲ τούτοις ἐγίγνοντο αἱ ἐν Ῥώμῃ τῶν ἐπὶ θανάτῳ προγραφέντων ἔρευναί τε καὶ ἀνευρέσεις1 καὶ παθήματα πάμπαν ἐπαχθῆ, οἷα οὔτε ἐπὶ Ἑλλήνων ἐν στάσεσιν ἢ πολέμοις οὔτ᾿ ἐπὶ Ῥωμαίων αὐτῶν ἐμνημονεύετο γενέσθαι, πλὴν ἐπὶ μόνου Σύλλα τοῦ πρώτου τοὺς ἐχθροὺς ἐς θάνατον προγράψαντος. 3Μάριος μὲν γὰρ ἐζήτει καὶ ἐκόλαζεν, οὓς εὕροι· Σύλλας δὲ ὑπὸ μισθοῖς τε μεγάλοις καὶ κολάσεσι τῶν ἐπικρυψάντων

186

CIVIL WARS, BOOK IV

BOOK XVI

CIVIL WARS, BOOK IV

1. So it was that two of Gaius Caesar’s murderers had received their punishment, having been defeated in their own provinces, Trebonius in Asia, Decimus in Gaul. As for Brutus and Cassius, who were the main instigators of the conspiracy against Caesar, they controlled the whole region from Syria to Macedonia, commanding extensive military forces, made up of cavalry and sailors and more than twenty legions of infantry, together with ships and money. This fourth book of the Civil Wars sets out how they paid the price for what they did. 2It was during this period that those in Rome proscribed to die were hunted down, found, and subjected to altogether terrible sufferings, the likes of which could not be recalled as happening either among the Greeks in their civil conflicts or wars, or among the Romans themselves, the sole exception being in the time of Sulla, who was the first to publish lists of the personal enemies he had condemned to death. 3For Marius tracked down and punished those he could find, but Sulla proclaimed large rewards for anyone at all to kill the proscribed, and corresponding penalties for those who

187
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.appian-roman_history_civil_wars.2020