1. Μετὰ δὲ τὴν Σύλλα μοναρχίαν καὶ ὅσα ἐπ᾿ αὐτῇ Σερτώριός τε καὶ Περπέννας περὶ Ἰβηρίαν ἔδρασαν, ἕτερα ἐμφύλια Ῥωμαίοις τοιάδε ἐγίγνετο, μέχρι Γάιος Καῖσαρ καὶ Πομπήιος Μάγνος ἀλλήλοις ἐπολέμησαν καὶ Πομπήιον μὲν καθεῖλεν ὁ Καῖσαρ, Καίσαρα δ᾿ ἐν τῷ βουλευτηρίῳ τινὲς ὡς βασιλιζόμενον κατέκανον. ταῦτα δὲ ὅπως ἐγένετο καὶ ὅπως ἀνῃρέθησαν ὅ τε Πομπήιος καὶ ὁ Γάιος, ἡ δευτέρα τῶν ἐμφυλίων ἥδε δηλοῖ. 2ὁ μὲν δὴ Πομπήιος ἄρτι τὴν θάλασσαν καθήρας ἀπὸ τῶν ληστηρίων τότε μάλιστα πανταχοῦ πλεονασάντων Μιθριδάτην ἐπὶ τοῖς λῃσταῖς καθῃρήκει, Πόντου βασιλέα, καὶ τὴν ἀρχὴν αὐτοῦ καὶ ὅσα ἄλλα ἔθνη προσέλαβεν ἀμφὶ τὴν ἕω, διετάσσετο· 3ὁ δὲ Καῖσαρ ἦν ἔτι νέος, δεινὸς εἰπεῖν τε καὶ πρᾶξαι, τολμῆσαί τε ἐς πάντα καὶ ἐλπίσαι περὶ ἁπάντων, ἐς δὲ δὴ φιλοτιμίαν ἀφειδὴς ὑπὲρ δύναμιν, ὡς ἀγορανομῶν
BOOK XIVCIVIL WARS, BOOK IΙ
1. After the autocracy of Sulla, followed by the activities of Sertorius and Perperna in Iberia, the Romans faced new internal conflicts of a similar nature. Eventually Gaius Caesar and Pompey the Great fought a war against each other, Caesar destroyed Pompey and was then himself assassinated in the senate house because some people thought he was behaving like a king. How these events developed and how both Pompey and Caesar were killed, will be explained in this second book of the Civil Wars. 2For his part, Pompey had recently cleared the sea of pirates, who were at that particular time excessively numerous in all regions. After dealing with the pirates Pompey had overthrown Mithridates, king of Pontus, and was regulating his kingdom and the other nations that he had annexed for Rome in the east.1 3Caesar on the other hand was still a young man, a very good speaker and man of action, daring in everything he did and with the highest hopes in all respects. But in pursuit of his ambitions he also spent
- 1Pompey’s pirate command was in 67, after which he was immediately given the command against Mithridates in 66. He returned to Rome in 62, having reorganized Rome’s whole eastern frontier.