1. Ἀντίοχος ὁ Σελεύκου τοῦ Ἀντιόχου, Σύρων καὶ Βαβυλωνίων καὶ ἑτέρων ἐθνῶν βασιλεύς, ἕκτος δὲ ἀπὸ Σελεύκου τοῦ μετ᾿ Ἀλέξανδρον Ἀσίας τῆς περὶ Εὐφράτην βεβασιλευκότος, ἐσβαλὼν ἐς Μηδίαν τε καὶ Παρθυηνὴν καὶ ἕτερα ἔθνη ἀφιστάμενα ἔτι πρὸ αὐτοῦ, καὶ πολλὰ καὶ μεγάλα δράσας, καὶ μέγας Ἀντίοχος ἀπὸ τοῦδε κληθείς, ἐπαιρόμενος τοῖς γεγονόσι καὶ τῇ δι᾿ αὐτὰ προσωνυμίᾳ, Συρίαν τε τὴν κοίλην καὶ Κιλικίας ἔστιν ἃ Πτολεμαίου τοῦ Φιλοπάτορος, Αἰγύπτου βασιλέως ἔτι παιδὸς ὄντος, ἐπιδραμὼν περιέσπασε, 2καὶ μικρὸν οὐδὲν ἐνθυμούμενος Ἑλλησποντίους ἐπῄει καὶ Αἰολέας καὶ Ἴωνας ὡς οἷ προσήκοντας ἄρχοντι τῆς Ἀσίας, ὅτι καὶ πάλαι τῶν τῆς Ἀσίας βασιλέων ὑπήκουον. 3ἔς τε τὴν Εὐρώπην διαπλεύσας Θρᾴκην
BOOK XITHE SYRIAN BOOK
1. Antiochus, son of Seleucus, grandson of Antiochus, king of the Syrians, Babylonians, and other peoples, was, after the Seleucus who succeeded Alexander, the sixth ruler of the Euphrates region of Asia.1 He invaded Media and Parthia, as well as other nations which had revolted before his reign, and did many great things, as a result of which he was called Antiochus “the Great.” Galvanized by these successes and the title they had won for him, he invaded and annexed Coele Syria and some parts of Cilicia belonging to Ptolemy (son of?) Philopator, the king of Egypt who was still a young boy.2 2With ambitious plans in mind, he attacked the Hellespont, Aeolia, and Ionia as if they belonged to him because he was king of Asia and they had once been subject to the kings of Asia. 3Crossing to Europe, he subdued Thrace and forcibly reduced any who resisted.
- 1Antiochus III the Great ruled the Seleucid kingdom from 223 to 187.
- 2It is usually thought that Appian consistently confused the child-king Ptolemy V Epiphanes with his father, Ptolemy IV Philopator. But here the Greek could mean “Ptolemy son of Philopator,” thus correctly referring to Ptolemy V Epiphanes, son of Philopator; and elsewhere the mistake may be more apparent than real. See Mac. 4.1, and below, 2.8, 4.14, with Goukowsky 2007, lxxxiv.