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APPIAN

IX

ΙΛΛΥΡΙΚΗ1

1. Ἰλλυριοὺς Ἕλληνες ἡγοῦνται τοὺς ὑπέρ τε Μακεδονίαν καὶ Θρᾴκην ἀπὸ Χαόνων καὶ Θεσπρωτῶν ἐπὶ ποταμὸν Ἴστρον. καὶ τοῦτ᾿ ἐστὶ τῆς χώρας τὸ μῆκος, εὖρος δ᾿ ἐκ Μακεδόνων τε καὶ Θρᾳκῶν τῶν ὀρείων ἐπὶ Παιονας καὶ τὸν Ἰόνιον καὶ τὰ πρόποδα τῶν Ἄλπεων. 2καὶ ἔστι τὸ μὲν εὖρος ἡμερῶν πέντε, τὸ δὲ μῆκος τριάκοντα, καθὰ καὶ τοῖς Ἕλλησιν εἴρηται. Ῥωμαίων δὲ τὴν χώραν μετρησαμένων ἔστιν ὑπὲρ ἑξακισχιλίους σταδίους τὸ μῆκος, καὶ τὸ πλάτος ἀμφὶ τοὺς χιλίους καὶ διακοσίους.

2. 3Φασὶ δὲ τὴν μὲν χώραν ἐπώνυμον Ἰλλυριοῦ τοῦ Πολυφήμου γενέσθαι· Πολυφήμῳ γὰρ τῷ Κύκλωπι καὶ Γαλατείᾳ Κελτὸν καὶ Ἰλλυριὸν καὶ Γάλαν παῖδας ὄντας ἐξορμῆσαι Σικελίας, καὶ ἄρξαι τῶν δι᾿ αὐτοὺς Κελτῶν καὶ Ἰλλυριῶν καὶ Γαλατῶν λεγομένων. καὶ τόδε μοι μάλιστα, πολλὰ μυθευόντων ἕτερα πολλῶν,

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THE ILLYRIAN BOOK

BOOK IX PART 2

THE ILLYRIAN BOOK1

1. The Greeks identify as Illyrians the people who live to the north of Macedonia and Thrace, between Chaonia and Thesprotia and the river Ister. That is the length of the country, and in breadth it stretches from the mountains of Macedonia and Thrace to Paeonia and the Ionian sea, and the foothills of the Alps. 2It is five days’ journey across, and thirty lengthwise, according to the Greek accounts. The Romans surveyed the land, and it is over six thousdand stades in length and about one thousand, two hundred wide.2

2. 3They say that the country is named after Illyrius, the son of Polyphemus. For Polyphemus, the Cyclops, and Galatea, had three sons, Celtus, Illyrius, and Galas, who left Sicily to rule over people called, because of them, Celts, Illyrians, and Galatians. There are many other mythological versions, but this seems the most convincing

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.appian-roman_history_book_x_illyrian_wars.2019