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APPIAN

VIII

ΛΙΒΥΚΗ1

1. Καρχηδόνα τὴν ἐν Λιβύῃ Φοίνικες ᾤκισαν ἔτεσι πεντήκοντα πρὸ ἁλώσεως Ἰλίου, οἰκισταὶ δ’ αὐτῆς ἐγένοντο Ζῶρός τε καὶ Καρχηδών, ὡς δὲ Ῥωμαῖοι καὶ αὐτοὶ Καρχηδόνιοι νομίζουσιν, Διδώ, γυνὴ Τυρία, ἧς τὸν ἄνδρα κατακαίνει Πυγμαλίων, Τύρου τυραννεύων, καὶ τὸ ἔργον ἐπέκρυπτεν. 2ἣ δὲ ἐξ ἐνυπνίου τὸν φόνον ἐπέγνω καὶ μετὰ χρημάτων πολλῶν καὶ ἀνδρῶν, ὅσοι Πυγμαλίωνος τυραννίδα ἔφευγον, ἀφικνεῖται πλέουσα Λιβύης ἔνθα νῦν ἐστιν Καρχηδών. 3ἐξωθούμενοι δ’ ὑπὸ τῶν Λιβύων ἐδέοντο χωρίον ἐς συνοικισμὸν λαβεῖν, ὅσον ἂν βύρσα ταύρου περιλάβοι. τοῖς δὲ ἐνέπιπτε μέν τι καὶ γέλωτος ἐπὶ τῇ τῶν Φοινίκων μικρολογίᾳ καὶ ᾐδοῦντο ἀντειπεῖν περὶ οὕτως βραχυτάτου· μάλιστα δ’ ἠπόρουν, ὅπως ἂν πόλις ἐν τηλικούτῳ διαστήματι γένοιτο, καὶ ποθοῦντες ἰδεῖν, ὅ τι ἐστὶν

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THE AFRICAN BOOK

BOOK VIII PART 1

THE AFRICAN BOOK1

1. The Phoenicians founded Carthage, in Africa, fifty years before the fall of Troy. Its founders were Zorus and Carchedon, or, as the Romans and Carthaginians themselves believe, Dido, a Tyrian woman, whose husband was murdered by Pygmalion, tyrant of Tyre. Although he tried to cover up the deed, 2she saw the murder in a dream, and, taking plenty of money, and men who were trying to escape the tyranny of Pygmalion, came by ship to Africa, landing where Carthage now stands. 3They were driven off by the Africans, but, for the purposes of founding a settlement, asked to be given as much land as an ox hide would enclose. The Africans laughed at the modest proposal of the Phoenicians, but were ashamed to refuse such a trifling request. They were particularly intrigued to know how a town could be built within such a small radius, and so desiring to see the nature of their ingenuity, they agreed

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.appian-roman_history_book_viii_1_punic_wars.2019