Appian, Roman History 6. The Iberian Book

LCL 2: 136-137

Go To Section
Go To Section




1. Ὅρος ἐστὶ Πυρήνη διῆκον ἀπὸ τῆς Τυρρηνικῆς θαλάσσης ἐπὶ τὸν βόρειον ὠκεανόν, οἰκοῦσι δ’ αὐτοῦ πρὸς μὲν ἕω Κελτοί, ὅσοι Γαλάται τε καὶ Γάλλοι νῦν προσαγορεύονται, πρὸς δὲ δύσεων Ἴβηρές τε καὶ Κελτίβηρες, ἀρχόμενοι μὲν ἀπὸ τοῦ Τυρρηνικοῦ πελάγους, περιιόντες δ’ ἐν κύκλῳ διὰ τῶν Ἡρακλείων στηλῶν ἐπὶ τὸν βόρειον ὠκεανόν. οὕτως ἐστὶν ἡ Ἰβηρία περίκλυστος, ὅτι μὴ τῇ Πυρήνῃ μόνῃ, μεγίστῳ τῶν Εὐρωπαίων ὀρῶν καὶ ἰθυτάτῳ σχεδὸν ἁπάντων. 2τοῦ δὲ περίπλου τοῦδε τὸ μὲν Τυρρηνικὸν πέλαγος διαπλέουσιν ἐπὶ τὰς στήλας τὰς Ἡρακλείους, τὸν δ’ ἑσπέριον καὶ τὸν βόρειον ὠκεανὸν οὐ περῶσιν, ὅτι μὴ πορθμεύεσθαι μόνον ἐπὶ Βρεττανούς, καὶ τοῦτο ταῖς ἀμπώτεσι τοῦ πελάγους συμφερόμενοι. 3ἔστι δ’ αὐτοῖς ὁ διάπλους ἥμισυ ἡμέρας, καὶ τὰ λοιπὰ οὔτε Ῥωμαῖοι οὔτε τὰ 4ἔθνη τὰ ὑπὸ Ῥωμαίοις πειρῶνται τοῦδε τοῦ ὠκεανοῦ. μέγεθος δὲ τῆς Ἰβηρίας, τῆς Ἱσπανίας νῦν ὑπό τινων ἀντὶ Ἰβηρίας λεγομένης, ἐστὶ πολὺ καὶ





1. The Pyrenees mountains stretch from the Tyrrhenian Sea to the Northern Ocean.1 Starting at the Tyrrhenian Sea and going all the way round through the Pillars of Heracles and into the Northern Ocean, Celts (now called Galatians or Gauls) inhabit the eastern part, and Iberians and Celtiberians the western. Iberia is thus entirely surrounded by water, except for the Pyrenees, which are the highest mountains in Europe and probably the steepest. 2Of this circuit, they sail through the Tyrrhenian Sea as far as the Pillars of Heracles, but they do not cross the Western and Northern Ocean, unless they are making their way over to Britain, a journey facilitated by the tides 3which takes them half a day. Otherwise no one plies this ocean, neither Romans nor any of their subject peoples. 4Iberia, or, as it is now called by some people, Spain, rather than Iberia, is huge, almost unbelievably so for a single country:

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.appian-roman_history_book_vi_wars_spain_fragments.2019