IXΕΚ ΤΗΣ ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΚΗΣ
1. Ὅτι ἐνῆγε τοὺς Ῥωμαίους τὰ Σιβύλλεια εἰς τὸν Φιλίππου πόλεμον. ἔστι δὲ ταῦτα·
αὐχοῦντες βασιλεῦσι Μακηδόνες Ἀργεάδῃσιν, ὑμῖν κοιρανέων ἀγαθὸν καὶ πῆμα Φίλιππος. ἤτοι ὁ μὲν πρότερος πόλεσιν λαοῖσί τ᾿ ἄνακτας θήσει, ὁ δ᾿ ὁπλότερος τιμὴν ἀπὸ πᾶσαν ὀλέσσει, δμηθεὶς δ᾿ ἑσπερίοισιν ὑπ᾿ ἀνδράσιν ἐνθάδ᾿ ὀλεῖται. (Exc. de sent. 22, p. 70 Boissevain)
2. Ὅτι Ῥωμαῖοι τοῦ Φιλίππου τοῦ Μακεδόνος [τοῦ πολεμήσαντος αὐτοῖς]1 πέρι πάμπαν ἐπολυπραγμόνουν οὐδέν, οὐδὲ σφίσιν ἐνθύμιος ἦν ὅλως πονουμένης ἔτι τῆς Ἰταλίας ὑπὸ Ἀννίβου [τοῦ Καρχηδονίων
BOOK IX PART 1FROM THE MACEDONIAN BOOK
1.1 The Sibylline Books induced the Romans to go to war against Philip, with the following lines:2 “The Macedonians boast of their royal Argive ancestors, but Philip’s rule will bring both good and suffering to you. The older one will establish rulers for cities and peoples, the younger will lose all honor, and die here, vanquished by men from the west.” (Exc. de sent. 22, p. 70 Boissevain)
2. The Romans paid no attention at all to Philip of Macedon [who went to war with them.]3 Indeed, he did not even enter their thoughts, as Italy was still suffering at the hands of Hannibal [the Carthaginian general] and they
- 1The place of this fragment is uncertain. Goukowsky argues reasonably that with its reference to Macedonian history stretching back to Philip II, the father of Alexander the Great, it may have come from the preface of the book. Alternatively, with its reference to the Second Macedonian War, it could go after fragment 4. It does not make much sense as fragment 2, where it is usually placed.
- 2The Second Macedonian War (200–197). Philip V ruled Macedon from 221 to 179.
- 3This was the so-called First Macedonian War (214–205), a period of hostility, but indecisive engagements, between Rome and Philip V. The description of Philip as “the man who went to war with the Romans” looks like a scribal gloss, as does the identification of Hannibal as “the Carthaginian general” in the next sentence.