δὲ τῶν ὑστάτων ἀναπηδᾶν ἅπαντας ὁμοῦ καὶ σὺν βοῇ τάχιστα εἰς χεῖρας ἰέναι· καταπλήξειν γὰρ ὧδε τοὺς πολεμίους τοσῶνδε δοράτων ἄφεσιν καὶ ἐπ’ αὐτῇ ταχεῖαν ἐπιχείρησιν. τὰ δὲ δόρατα ἦν οὐκ ἐοικότα1 ἀκοντίοις, ἃ Ῥωμαῖοι καλοῦσιν ὑσσούς, ξύλου τετραγώνου τὸ ἥμισυ καὶ τὸ ἄλλο σιδήρου, τετραγώνου καὶ τοῦδε καὶ μαλακοῦ χωρίς γε τῆς αἰχμῆς. καὶ οἱ Βοιοὶ οὖν ὑπὸ Ῥωμαίων τότε ἐφθάρησαν πανστρατιᾷ.
4Ἄλλους δὲ πάλιν Κελτοὺς ἐνίκα Ποπίλλιος, καὶ μετ’ ἐκεῖνον τοὺς αὐτοὺς Κάμιλλος, ὁ τοῦ Καμίλλου υἱός. ἔστησε δὲ κατὰ Κελτῶν καὶ Παῦλος Αἰμίλιος τρόπαια.
5Πρὸ δὲ τῶν τοῦ Μαρίου ὑπατειῶν πλεῖστόν τι καὶ μαχιμώτατον τῇ τε ἡλικίᾳ μάλιστα φοβερώτατον χρῆμα Κελτῶν ἐς τὴν Ἰταλίαν τε καὶ Γαλατίαν εἰσέβαλε καί τινας ὑπάτους Ῥωμαίων ἐνίκησε καὶ στρατόπεδα κατέκοψεν· ἐφ’ οὓς ὁ Μάριος ἀποσταλεὶς ἅπαντας διέφθειρε.
6Τελευταῖα δὲ καὶ μέγιστα τῶν ἐς Γαλάτας Ῥωμαίοις πεπραγμένων ἐστὶ τὰ ὑπὸ Γαΐῳ Καίσαρι στρατηγοῦντι γενόμενα· μυριάσι τε γὰρ ἀνδρῶν
would not be hit by the spears from behind. When the last rank had hurled their weapons they were all to jump up together and with a roar very swiftly engage the enemy in hand-to-hand fighting. The discharge of so many spears like this, followed very quickly by a charge, would terrify the enemy. These spears were not similar5 to javelins (pila, as the Romans call them), but had half the shaft made of squared off wood, the other half of iron, also squared off and pliable, except for the point. So, the entire army of the Boii was destroyed by the Romans on this occasion.
4Popillius again defeated other Celts, and after him Camillus, son of Camillus, the same ones. Paulus Aemilius also set up a victory monument over the Celts.6
5Before the consulships of Marius, a very large, warlike and physically frightening force of Celts invaded Italy and Gaul,7 defeated certain Roman consuls and butchered their armies. Marius was sent against them and destroyed them all.8
6The most recent and greatest of the confrontations between Rome and the Gauls is the campaign under the command of Gaius Caesar.9 For, in the ten years of his
- 5Editors disagree on whether Appian intended to say that the spears of the Boii were similar to, or not similar to, the Roman pila.
- 6The Romans mentioned are Marcus Popillius Laenas (consul 350), Lucius Furius Camillus (consul 349) and Lucius Aemilius Papus (consul 225). The manuscripts incorrectly refer to the last as Paulus, rather than Papus.
- 7The same Greek words, Galatia and Galatai, cover both Gaul and the Gauls of Europe, and Galatia and the Galatians of Asia Minor.
- 8Gaius Marius, consul six times in a row from 105 to 100, defeated the invading northern tribes at the battles of Aquae Sextiae (102) and Vercellae (101).
- 9The Gallic campaigns of Gaius Julius Caesar took place in the years 58 to 49.