1. Κελτοὶ Ῥωμαίοις ἐπεχείρησαν πρῶτοι καὶ τὴν Ῥώμην εἷλον ἄνευ τοῦ Καπιτωλίου καὶ ἐμπεπρήκασι. Κάμιλλος δὲ αὐτοὺς ἐνίκησε καὶ ἐξήλασε καὶ μετὰ χρόνον ἐπελθόντας αὖθις ἐνίκησε καὶ ἐθριάμβευσεν ἀπ’ αὐτῶν, ὀγδοήκοντα γεγονὼς ἔτη. 2καὶ τρίτη δὲ Κελτῶν στρατιὰ ἐμβέβληκεν ἐς τὴν Ἰταλίαν, ἣν καὶ αὐτὴν οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι διεφθάρκασιν ὑφ’ ἡγεμόνι Τίτῳ Κοϊντίῳ.

3Μετὰ δὲ ταῦτα Βοιοί, Κελτικὸν ἔθνος θηριωδέστατον, ἐπῆλθεν Ῥωμαίοις, καὶ αὐτοῖς Γάιος Σουλπίκιος δικτάτωρ μετὰ στρατιᾶς ἀπήντα, ὅς τις καὶ στρατηγήματι τοιούτῳ χρήσασθαι λέγεται· ἐκέλευσε γὰρ τοὺς ἐπὶ τοῦ μετώπου τεταγμένους ἐξακοντίσαντας ὁμοῦ συγκαθίσαι τάχιστα, μέχρι βάλωσιν οἱ δεύτεροι καὶ τρίτοι καὶ τέταρτοι· τοὺς δ’ ἀφιέντας αἰεὶ συνίζειν, ἵνα μὴ κατ’ αὐτῶν ἐνεχθείη τὰ δόρατα· βαλόντων





1.1 The Celts initiated hostilities with the Romans, capturing and burning Rome itself, all except the Capitol. Camillus, however, defeated them and drove them off, and defeated them a second time when they later invaded, celebrating a triumph over them at the age of eighty.2 2When a third army of Celts invaded Italy, it too was defeated by the Romans under the leadership of Titus Quinctius.3

3The Boii, a particularly savage Celtic people, were the next to attack the Romans. The dictator, Gaius Sulpicius,4 led an army to confront them and is said to have used the following stratagem. He ordered the troops in the front line to throw their spears at the same time, and then immediately crouch down, until the second, third, and fourth ranks had thrown theirs. In each case those who had thrown their spears were to crouch down so that they

  • 1The passages in 1.1–13 are preserved in the Epitome Celticorum of Vaticanus gr 141.
  • 2Marcus Furius Camillus held office six times as a consular tribune. He was also dictator five times, the last time in 367, when he is supposed to have won his triumph over the Gauls.
  • 3Titus Quinctius Pennus Capitolinus Crispinus was consul five times between 364 and 351, censor in 366, and dictator in 361, when he defeated the Gauls.
  • 4Gaius Sulpicius Peticus was dictator in 358.
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.appian-roman_history_book_iv_gallic_history_fragments.2019