τρεψαμένῳ καὶ σκεδάσαντι τοὺς πολλοὺς ἐν ἀσυνταξίᾳ. (Exc. de leg. gent. 8, p. 525 de Boor)
16. Ὅτι Ἀριούιστος, Γερμανῶν βασιλεὺς τῶν ὑπὲρ Ῥῆνον, ἐπιβαίνων τῆς πέραν Αἰδούοις ἔτι πρὸ τοῦ Καίσαρος ἐπολέμει, φίλοις οὖσι Ῥωμαίων. τότε μὲν δὴ τοῖς Ῥωμαίοις κελεύουσι πεισθεὶς ἀνέζευξεν ἀπὸ τῶν Αἰδούων καὶ φίλος ἠξίωσε Ῥωμαίοις γενέσθαι· καὶ ἐγένετο, ὑπατεύοντος αὐτοῦ Καίσαρος καὶ ψηφισαμένου. (Exc. de leg. gent. 9, p. 525 de Boor)
17. Ὅτι Ἀριούιστος, ὁ Γερμανῶν βασιλεύς, φίλος γενόμενος Ῥωμαίων ἐς λόγους ἦλθε τῷ Καίσαρι καὶ διαχωρισθέντων ἀπ’ ἀλλήλων αὖθις συνελθεῖν ἐς λόγους ἠξίωσεν. τοῦ δὲ Καίσαρος οὐ συνελθόντος, ἀλλὰ τοὺς πρωτεύοντας Γαλατῶν ἀποστείλαντος, ἔδησε τοὺς πρέσβεις. καὶ ὁ Καῖσαρ ἐστράτευεν ἐπ’ αὐτὸν μετὰ ἀπειλῆς. δέος δ’ ἐμπίπτει τῷ στρατῷ κατὰ κλέος τῶν Γερμανῶν. (Exc. de leg. Rom. 6, p. 71 de Boor)
17a. Ἀλλόβριγες, Γαλατῶν ἔθνος. δύσμαχοι δ’ αὐτῶν ἦσαν αἱ πόλεις, ὑπὸ τῆς ἀμπώτεως ἐφ’ ἡμέραν ἠπειρούμεναί τε καὶ νησούμεναι· οἳ δὲ πλοίοις ἐπολέμουν. τοῦ δὲ Καίσαρος Γαΐου περὶ τὰς πόλεις σταυροὺς πηξαμένου ὑψηλοὺς καὶ τοῖς σταυροῖς ἐπιθέντος γεφυρώματα ὁ μὲν κλύδων ἐχώρει διὰ τῶν σταυρωμάτων ὑπὸ τοῖς γεφυρώμασι, Ῥωμαίοις δὲ ἀδεὲς καὶ ἐπίμονον ἦν τὸ ἔργον. (Suda, η 408)
them and scattered the majority in disarray.29 (Exc. de leg. gent. 8, p. 525 de Boor)
16. Ariovistus, king of the Germans on the other side of the Rhine, crossed over to this side while Caesar had still not arrived, and attacked the Aedui who were friends of Rome. But then, in obedience to Roman orders, he broke off contact with the Aedui and asked to become a friend of the Romans. And so it happened, while Caesar himself was consul and had the measure put to the vote.30 (Exc. de leg. gent. 9, p. 525 de Boor)
17. Ariovistus, king of the Germans, who had become a friend of Rome, entered discussions with Caesar, and after they had parted from each other, asked for another meeting. Caesar did not turn up, but sent off a delegation of leading Gauls. When Ariovistus threw the ambassadors in chains, Caesar marched off against him menacingly, although the reputation of the Germans causes fear in his army. (Exc. de leg. Rom. 6, p. 71 de Boor)
17a. The Allobroges, a Gallic nation. It was difficult to storm their towns on account of the tides which turned them into both mainland and islands each day.31 And they used boats for fighting. So Gaius Caesar fixed high stakes around their towns and built a bridge on the stakes so that the water flowed between the stakes, but under the bridge. The work posed no danger for the Romans and had lasting effect. (Suda, η 408)
- 29Julius Caesar’s defeat of these tribes occurred in 58. On Labienus, see above, note 13.
- 30Julius Caesar was consul in 59. Ariovistus in fact conquered the Aedui and was recognized as a friend of Rome, but he was later defeated by Caesar. The main source is Caesar himself (B Gall. 1.31–53).
- 31Caesar (B Gall. 3.12) says the same thing about the towns of the Veneti.