Appian, Roman History 4. The Celtic Book

LCL 2: 100-101

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ἀγρίων ἐν τοῖς δέκα ἔτεσιν, ἐν οἷς ἐστρατήγησεν, εἰς χεῖρας ἦλθον, εἴ τις ὑφ’ ἓν τὰ μέρη συναγάγοι, τετρακοσίων πλείοσιν καὶ τούτων ἑκατὸν μὲν ἐζώγρησαν, ἑκατὸν δ’ ἐν τῷ πόνῳ κατέκανον, ἔθνη δὲ τετρακόσια καὶ πόλεις ὑπὲρ ὀκτακοσίας, τὰ μὲν ἀφιστάμενα σφῶν, τὰ δὲ προσεπιλαμβάνοντες, ἐκρατύναντο.

7Πρὸ δὲ τοῦ Μαρίου καὶ Φάβιος Μάξιμος ὁ Αἰμιλιανός, ὀλίγην κομιδῇ στρατιὰν ἔχων, ἐπολέμησε τοῖς Κελτοῖς καὶ δώδεκα μυριάδας αὐτῶν ἐν μιᾷ μάχῃ κατέκανε, πεντεκαίδεκα μόνους τῶν ἰδίων ἀποβαλών. καὶ ταῦτα μέντοι ἔπραξε πιεζόμενος ὑπὸ τραύματος ὑπογύου καὶ τὰ τάγματα ἐπιὼν καὶ παραθαρρύνων καὶ διδάσκων, ὅπως τοῖς βαρβάροις πολεμητέον, τὰ μὲν ἐπ’ ἀπήνης φερόμενος, τὰ δὲ καὶ βάδην χειραγωγούμενος.

8Καῖσαρ δὲ πολεμήσας αὐτοῖς πρῶτον μὲν Ἑλουητίους καὶ Τιγυρίους, ἀμφὶ τὰς εἴκοσι μυριάδας ὄντας, ἐνίκησεν. οἱ Τιγύριοι δ’ αὐτῶν χρόνῳ ἔμπροσθεν Πίσωνος καὶ Κασσίου τινὰ στρατὸν ἑλόντες ὑπὸ ζυγὸν ἐξεπεπόμφεσαν, ὡς ἐν χρονικαῖς συντάξεσι δοκεῖ Παύλῳ τῷ Κλαυδίῳ. τοὺς μὲν οὖν Τιγυρίους ὑποστράτηγος αὐτοῦ Λαβιηνὸς ἐνίκησε, τοὺς δὲ ἄλλους ὁ Καῖσαρ, καὶ Τρικούρους ἀμύνοντας σφίσιν, 9ἔπειτα τοὺς μετ’ Ἀριοβίστου Γερμανούς, οἳ καὶ τὰ μεγέθη



command, Roman armies fought against more than four million fierce opponents (if you count them all together), captured a million of them, and killed another million in battle. They subjected four hundred tribes and more than eight hundred towns, some of which had revolted from us, others were new acquisitions.

7Even before Marius, Fabius Maximus Aemilianus campaigned against the Celts with a very small army, killing one hundred and twenty thousand of them in a single battle and losing only fifteen of his own men.10 He managed this even though he was suffering from a recent wound. He went up and down the lines encouraging them and instructing them how they should fight the barbarians, riding in a chariot some of the time and walking with assistance the rest.

8Caesar opened his campaigns with a victory over some two hundred thousand of the Helvetii and Tigurini. At an earlier date the Tigurini had captured an army of Piso and Cassius, and had made them walk under the yoke,11 as Paulus Claudius believes in his annals.12 Caesar’s legate, Labienus,13 defeated these Tigurini, while Caesar himself defeated the others, who were assisted by the Tricorii, 9and then the Germans under Ariovistus. In terms of their size,

DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.appian-roman_history_book_iv_gallic_history_fragments.2019