IIIΕΚ ΤΗΣ ΣΑΥΝΙΤΙΚΗΣ
1. Ὅτι οἱ Ῥωμαίων στρατηγοὶ Κορνήλιος καὶ Κορβῖνος καὶ Δέκιος δημότης Σαυνίτας νικήσαντες ὑπέλιπον Καμπανοῖς φύλακας πρὸς τὰς Σαυνιτῶν ἐπιδρομάς. οἱ δὲ φύλακες οἵδε Καμπανοῖς ἁβροδιαίτοις καὶ πολυτελέσιν οὖσι κοινωνοῦντες ἐφθείροντο τὰς γνώμας καὶ ἐφθόνουν ὧν ἔχουσι ἀγαθῶν, αὐτοὶ πενόμενοι καὶ τὰ χρέα δεδιότες τὰ ἐν Ῥώμῃ. 2τέλος δὲ ἐπεβούλευον τοὺς ξένους ἑαυτῶν ἀνελόντες ἕκαστοι τὴν περιουσίαν κατασχεῖν καὶ τὰς γυναῖκας ἐς γάμον προσαγαγέσθαι. 3καὶ τάχα ἂν ἔπραξαν αἰσχρὸν οὕτω μῦσος, εἰ μὴ Μάμερκος, ἕτερος Ῥωμαίων στρατηγός, ἐπὶ Σαυνίτας ὁδεύων ἔμαθε τὸ βούλευμα τῶν φυλάκων καὶ ἐπικρύψας τοὺς μὲν αὐτῶν ἐξώπλισε καὶ ἀφῆκεν οἷα κεκμηκότας, τοὺς δὲ πονηροτέρους ἐκέλευσεν ἐς Ῥώμην ἐπί τινα χρείαν ἐπείγεσθαι χιλίαρχόν τε αὐτοῖς συνέπεμψεν, ᾧ εἴρητο ἀφανῶς αὐτοὺς φυλάσσειν.
BOOK IIIFROM THE SAMNITE BOOK
1. On defeating the Samnites, the Roman generals Cornelius and Corvinus, and the plebeian Decius, left a garrison in Campania against the Samnite raids.1 Because these garrison troops shared the luxurious and extravagant life of the Campanians, their judgment became impaired. They themselves were poor and frighteningly in debt at Rome, and they began to envy the wealth of the Campanians. 2Finally they developed a plan to kill their hosts, take possession of their estates and marry their wives. 3And they might have carried out such a shameful crime, if Mamercus, another Roman general, who was marching against the Samnites, had not learned of the garrison’s plot.2 Disguising his knowledge, he disarmed and discharged some of them, supposedly on grounds of long service; and he ordered the more depraved to hurry to Rome on some mission, and sent a military tribune with them, with secret instructions to watch them closely. 4Both groups began to
- 1A. Cornelius Cossus and M. Valerius Corvinus were the consuls of 343 (Publius Decius was a military tribune) during the First Samnite War.
- 2Appian, or his source, has probably got the wrong person: he should be referring to C. Marcius Rutilus, consul in 342 (Dion. Hal. 15.3.10), but has confused him with L. Aemilius Mamercus, who was deputy (magister equitum) to M. Valerius Corvus, dictator in the same year (Livy 7.39.17).