- §§ 1–5. A. is indignant at the opposition with which he is meeting. The speakers responsible must be the agents of others who are remaining in the background; otherwise they would have raised the same clamour when he was being given an audience by the Council.
- §§ 6–7. He deserves pity for his ill-luck in being driven to choose between two equally unpleasant alternatives in 415.
- §§ 8–9. His persistent ill-fortune.
- §§ 10–16. His services to the Athenian forces during his exile. The treatment which he had received from the Four Hundred by way of recompense.
- §§ 17–18. Any expense to which he has been put in serving Athens has been defrayed by himself. Others have been rewarded for far less.
- §§ 19–22. A hint that A. has placed certain important proposals before the Council. Announcement that grain-ships from Cyprus are at hand.
- §§ 22–23. Request for the removal of his disabilities in return for his services to his country.
- §§ 24–25. His sincere repentance.
- § 26. The services of his ancestor, Leogoras, to the democracy. This affords a presumption that he himself will behave in the same way, if given the opportunity.
- §§ 27–28. He feels no ill-will for the treatment which he has received at the hands of the Athenian people in the past.