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Andocides

I. ΣΥΜΒΟΥΛΕΥΤΙΚΟΣ

Title known from the Antiatticistes (Bekker, Anecdota 94. 21) and Photius.

II. ΠΡΟΣ ΤΟΥΣ ΕΤΑΙΡΟΥΣ

Καὶ τάφον μὲν αὐτοῦ λαμπρὸν ἐν τῇ ἀγορᾷ Μάγνητες ἔχουσι· περὶ δὲ τῶν λειψάνων οὔτ᾿ Ἀνδοκίδῃ προσέχειν ἄξιον ἐν τῷ πρὸς τοὺς ἑταίρους λέγοντι φωράσαντας τὰ λείψανα διαρρῖψαι τοὺς Ἀθηναίους· ψεύδεται γὰρ ἐπὶ τὸν δῆμον παροξύνων τοὺς ὀλιγαρχικούς.—Plut. Themist. 32.

Of the date of this speech we have no exact indication. Its title suggests that it was composed and delivered before the exile of Andocides in 415 b.c., when his active membership of an oligarchic ἑταιρεία came to an end, and if the second of the two fragments printed below also belongs to the Πρὸς τοὺς ἑταίρους, it must be placed before 417, as in that year Hyperbolus was ostracized. Its theme seems to have been a vituperative attack upon the existing democratic

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Andocides

I. Deliberative Speech

Only two isolated words, quoted by lexicographers, survive. The subject and date of the speech, if it is in fact distinct from that which follows, are unknown. Its title, however, which is unusually vague, may well be the abbreviation of some such ms. rubric as ΠΡΟΣ ΤΟΥΣ ΕΤΑΙΡΟΥΣ. ΣΥΜΒΟΥΛΕΥΤΙΚΟΣ.

II. To The Members Of His Party

The people of Magnesia have a splendid tomb bearing the name of Themistocles in their Agora. As to his remains, Andocides deserves no credit when he says in his speech To the Members of his Party: “The Athenians removed his remains by stealth and scattered them to the winds.” He is lying, in order to incite the oligarchs against the democracy.

government; and if, as Plutarch suggests, Andocides did not mind distorting his facts to encourage his companions, we need not suppose that we have lost a document which might have illumined much that is dark in the history of Athens during the fifth century. As evidence, however, of party polemics at the close of the Archidamian War, its interest would have been great. The fragment preserved by Plutarch is apparently concerned with the fickleness of the Demos, which insults without scruple the ashes of one of its greatest leaders.

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.andocides-fragments.1941