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EARLY GREEK PHILOSOPHY II

ANAXIMENES [13 DK]

P Chronology (P1–P4)

P1 (< A1) Diog. Laert. 2.3

Ἀναξιμένης Εὐρυστράτου, Μιλήσιος, ἤκουσεν Ἀναξιμάνδρου. ἔνιοι δὲ καὶ Παρμενίδου φασὶν ἀκοῦσαι αὐτὸν1 [. . .]. καὶ γεγένηται μέν, καθά φησιν Ἀπολλόδωρος [FGrHist 244 F66], <. . .>2 περὶ τὴν Σάρδεων ἅλωσιν, ἐτελεύτησε δὲ τῇ ἑξηκοστῇ τρίτῃ Ὀλυμπιάδι.3

P2 (< A7) (Ps.- ?) Hippol. Ref. 1.7.8

οὗτος ἤκμασεν περὶ ἔτος πρῶτον τῆς πεντηκοστῆς ὀγδόης Ὀλυμπιάδος.

  • 1Παρμενίδην . . . αὐτοῦ Volkmann: ἔνιοι . . . αὐτοῦ secl. Marcovich
  • 2<. . .> lac. posuimus
  • 3τῇ ἑξηκοστῇ τρίτῃ ὀλυμπιάδι, ἐτελεύτησε δὲ περὶ τὴν σάρδεων ἅλωσιν mss., transp. Simson
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ANAXIMENES

ANAXIMENES

P Chronology (P1–P4)

P1 (< A1) Diogenes Laertius

Anaximenes, son of Eurystratus, of Miletus, studied with Anaximander; some people say that he also studied with Parmenides [. . .].1 And as Apollodorus says, he was <. . .>2 around the time of the capture of Sardis [= 546/5 BC], and he died during the 63rd Olympiad [= 528/4].

P2 (< A7) (Ps.-?) Hippolytus, Refutation of All Heresies

He reached full maturity around the first year of the 58th Olympiad [= 548/7].

  • 1Editors usually correct in order to reestablish the only possible chronology: “Some people say that Parmenides studied with him.” But perhaps the fiction is meaningful, emphasizing that Anaximenes is a ‘monist.’
  • 2The transmitted text says that Anaximenes was born at the time of the capture of Sardis, but this is incompatible with the date given for his death. We suggest that an adjective indicating a particular age or meaning “famous” [cf. P3] or “mature” [cf. P2] has dropped out of the text.
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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.anaximenes-person.2016