Testimonia Vitae Atque Artis
1 Sud. A 1916 (i 171s. Adler)
Ἀνακρέων, Τήϊος, λυρικός, Σκυθίνου υἱός, οἱ δὲ Εὐμήλου, οἱ δὲ Παρθενίου, οἱ δὲ Ἀριστοκρίτου ἐδόξασαν. ἔγραψεν ἐλεγεῖα καὶ ἰάμβους, Ἰάδι πάντα διαλέκτῳ. γέγονε κατὰ Πολυκράτην τὸν Σάμου τύραννον Ὀλυμπιάδι νβ΄·1 οἱ δὲ ἐπὶ Κύρου καὶ2 Καμβύσου τάττουσιν αὐτὸν κατὰ τὴν νέ3 Ὀλυμπιάδα. ἐκπεσὼν δὲ Τέω διὰ τὴν Ἱστιαίου
Anacreon: a lyric poet of Teos, the son of Scythinus or, according to other authorities, of Eumelus, Parthenius or Aristocritus.1 He wrote elegiac and iambic poems, all in the Ionic dialect. He lived in the time of Polycrates, the tyrant of Samos, in Olympiad 52 (572/1–569/8 b.c.).2 But other authorities put him in Olympiad 55 (560/59–557/6 b.c.) at the time of Cyrus3 and Cambyses.4 Because of the revolt of
- 3(Eusebius). Cf. Zenobius 5. 80 (see fr. 426); Cyrus began his reign in Ol. 55
- 4῾At the time of Cyrus and Polycrates’, according to Athen. 13. 599c ( = Sa. test. 8); cf. Aristox. fr. 12 Wehrli: ῾Cambyses was contemporary with the tyranny of Polycrates.’ Since O1. 55 does not fit Cyrus’ son Cambyses III, some scholars emend to O1. 62, the date when Cambyses succeeded Cyrus (e.g. Rohde, Rh. Mus. 33, 1878, 190). Others read ῾Cyrus the son of Cambyses (II)’: see J. Labarbe, Ant. Class. 31, 1962, 184.
- 1Son of Scythinus or Parthenius, acc. to schol. Pl. Phdr. 235c; cf. elegiacs in schol. Pind. i 10 Drachm., J. Labarbe Ant. Class. 37, 1968, 461–6. Richer, Portraits of the Greeks i 77 records a herm (I.G. xiv 1133) inscribed Ἀνακ . . . Σκυ . . . Τηι . . .,prob. ‘A., son of Scythinus, of Teos’. For the 5th or 4th c. iambic poet Scythinus of Teos see Edmonds, Elegy and Iambus ii 244 ff.
- 2Some scholars emend the date to Ol. 62 (532/1–529/8), the traditional date of Polycrates’ acme (cf. test. 2). But there were probably two tyrants of this name, the father ruling c. 572–540, the son (the Polycrates of Herodotus) ruling 533–522. A.’s contemporary would be the son. Ol. 52 may have seen both the accession of Polycrates I and the births of A. and P. II (J. P. Barron, CQ 14, 1964, 210–29: see also fr. 491).