Alcman, Fragments

LCL 143: 494-495

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Greek Lyric

153 Steph. Byz. (p. 136 Meineke)

Ἀσσός·

. . . Ἀλέξανδρος δ᾿ ὁ Κορνήλιος ἐν τῷ περὶ τῶν παρ᾿ Ἀλκμᾶνι τοπικῶς ἱστορημένων (F.Gr.H. 273 F 96) Μιτυληναίων ἄποικον ἐν τῇ Μυσίᾳ φησὶν Ἀσσόν, ὅπου ὁ σαρκοφάγος γίνεται λίθος.

154 Steph. Byz. (p. 198s. Meineke)

Γάργαρα· πόλις τῆς Τρῳάδος ἐπὶ τῇ ἄκρᾳ τῆς Ἴδης Παλαιγάργαρος καλουμένη, ἣν Αἰολικὴν ὀνομάζει Στράβων (13. 1. 5) καὶ Ἑκαταῖος (F.Gr.H. 1 F 224). Ἀλκμὰν δὲ θηλυκῶς

τὴν Γάργαρον

φησίν· ἐν ᾗ κατῴκουν Λέλεγες.

cf. Hdn. (i 194, 385 Lentz)

155 Steph. Byz. (p. 212 Meineke)

Γραικός, ὁ Ἕλλην, ὀξυτόνως, ὁ Θεσσαλοῦ υἱός, ἀφ᾿ οὗ Γραικοί οἱ Ἕλληνες . . . ·

Γραῖκες

δὲ παρὰ Ἀλκμᾶνι αἱ τῶν Ἑλλήνων μητέρες, καὶ παρὰ Σοφοκλεῖ ἐν Ποιμέσιν (fr. 518 Pearson). ἔστι δὲ ἢ μεταπλασμὸς ἢ τῆς Γραῖξ εὐθείας κλίσις ἐστίν.

cf. Hdn. (i 397 Lentz)

494

Alcman

153 Stephanus of Byzantium, Places and Peoples

Assus:

. . . Cornelius Alexander1 in his work On the Place-names in Alcman says that Assus,2 where the limestone is found, was a Mytilenaean colony3 in Mysia.

154 Stephanus of Byzantium, Places and Peoples

Gargara: a city in the Troad1 on the promontory of Ida, known as Palaegargarus (Old Gargara), described as an Aeolian city by Strabo and Hecataeus. Alcman uses a feminine form Γάργαρος,

Gargarus.

Leleges used to live there.

155 Stephanus of Byzantium, Places and Peoples

Graecus: the Hellene, when accented on the last syllable (Γραικός): the son of Thessalus, after whom the Hellenes are called Graeci . . . The form Γραῖκες,

Graeces,

in Alcman refers to the mothers of the Hellenes; also in Sophocles, Shepherds. 1 Either it is a metaplasm, or it is formed from the nominative singular Γραῖξ.

495
DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.alcman-fragments.1988