ALCMAEON [24 DK]D Alcmaeon’s Writings (D1–D3)
a (<A1) Diog. Laert. 8.83
δοκεῖ δὲ πρῶτος φυσικὸν λόγον συγγεγραφέναι, καθά φησι Φαβωρῖνος ἐν Παντοδαπῇ ἱστορίᾳ [Frag. 79 Amato].
b (A2) Clem. Alex. Strom. 1.78.3
Ἀλκμαίων γοῦν Περίθου Κροτωνιάτης πρῶτος φυσικὸν λόγον συνέταξεν.
D2 (A2) Gal. Elem. Hipp. 1.9.27 (p. 134.16–19 De Lacy)
τὰ γὰρ τῶν παλαιῶν ἅπαντα Περὶ φύσεως ἐπιγέγραπται, τὰ Μελίσσου, τὰ Παρμενίδου, τὰ Ἐμπεδοκλέους Ἀλκμαίωνός τε καὶ Γοργίου καὶ Προδίκου καὶ τῶν ἄλλων ἁπάντων.
ALCMAEOND Alcmaeon’s Writings (D1–D3)
a (< A1) Diogenes Laertius
He seems to have been the first person to have written a treatise of natural philosophy, as Favorinus says in his Miscellaneous History.
b (A2) Clement of Alexandria, Stromata
Alcmaeon of Croton, son of Perithus, was the first person to compose a discourse about nature.
D2 (A2) Galen, On the Elements According to Hippocrates
For all of the writings of the ancients are entitled On Nature: those of Melissus, Parmenides, Empedocles, Alcmaeon as well as of Gorgias, Prodicus, and all the others.1
- 1The generic title On Nature (Peri phuseôs) is not original; it makes its first appearance toward the end of the fifth century BC in order to designate a group of writings that had come to be perceived as belonging to a shared project, that of ‘research on nature’ (historia peri phuseôs, cf. Plato, Phaedo 96a, SOC. D7).