τίνος κατέκας ἕνεκα παῖδ᾿ ἐμὸν βλάβης;
Scholia (A) to Iliad 4.319 = Herodian, On Iliadic Prosody p. 46.13 Lentz181a
ἔπειτα πάσης Ἑλλάδος καὶ ξυμμάχων βίον διῴκησ᾿ ὄντα πρὶν πεφυρμένον θηρσίν θ᾿ ὅμοιον· πρῶτα μὲν τὸν πάνσοφον ἀριθμὸν ηὕρηκ᾿, ἔξοχον σοφισμάτων
Stobaeus 1, Prologue, extract 1a (tacked on to Prometheus Bound 454–9, as if it were a continuation of that passage; ascribed to Palamedes by Blomfield tentatively, by Wachsmuth firmly; cf. Plato, Republic 522d ἐν ταῖς τραγῳδίαις Παλαμήδης ... φησὶν ἀριθμὸν εὑρὼν τάς ... τάξεις τῷ στρατοπέδῳ καταστῆσαι [~ fr. 182])3 θηρσίν Hermann (θηρσί anon. [Amsterdam, 1736]): θερσί cod.
On account of what injury did you kill my son?181a
Then I organized the life of all the Greeks and their allies, which previously had been as chaotic as that of beasts. To begin with, I invented the ingenious art of number, supreme among all techniques.1
- 1Prometheus Bound 447–450, 459–460 are either a close parallel to this passage or, if not by Aeschylus, an imitation of it. A scholium on Prometheus 457–9 states that Aeschylus “also ascribed this invention to Palamedes”, but the scholium is differently placed in different manuscripts, and it is not clear whether it is referring to arithmetic (as in our fragment) or astronomy.