Aelius Aristides, Oration 1. Panathenaic Oration

LCL 533: 12-13

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1. PANATHENAIC ORATION

  • dans la rhétorique du IIe siècle - l’image d’un empire linguistique et ses enjeux.” In Langues dominantes, langues dominées: à la mémoire de Gérard Dallez, edited by L. Vilard, 65–84. Mont-Saint-Aignan, 2008.
  • ———. “Le Panathénaïque d’Aelius Aristide (or. 1): les voies et les enjeux d’une nouvelle histoire d’Athènes.” In Aelius Aristide écrivain, edited by L. Pernot, G. Abbamonte, and M. Lamagna, 23–58. Turnhout, 2016.
ANALYSIS
I.Prologue
II.Tractatio
A.Geographical position and characteristics of Athens (physis and thesis) (7–24)
B.Distinction of Athens in its earliest history (25–74)
1.Home to the first humans (true autochthony) (25–30)
2.Discovery and diffusion of agriculture (31–38)
3.Competition of the gods for patronage of Athens (39–48)
4.Athenian benevolence: reception of suppliants, disposal of bandits, etc. (49–74)
C.Great deeds in war (75–321)
1.Prologue (75–76)
2.Body (77–316)
a)Mythological times—picking up from 49–74 (77–88)
b)Transition (89–92)
c)The Persian Wars and their prelude (92–184)
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1. PANATHENAIC ORATION

d)Transition (185–88)
e)From 479 to the eve of the Peloponnesian War, with a generalizing summary at 227 (189–227)
f)The Peloponnesian War (228–63)
g)Transition (264–65)
h)The fourth century before Philip (266–312)—with a reprise of the fifth century (Athens-Sparta synkrisis; 272–301) and defense of Athenian “atrocities” (302–12 )
i)Philip, briefly (313–16)
3.Conclusion (317–21)
D.The Attic dialect (322–30)—another great achievement and mark of superiority
E.Comparison (synkrisis)—the superiority of Athens over other all states (331–401)
III.Peroration (402–4)
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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.aelius_aristides-oration_1_panathenaic.2017