Aelian, Historical Miscellany

LCL 486: 332-333

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1. Ὅτι Ὀρίκαδμος πάλης ἐγένετο νομοθέτης, καθ᾿ ἑαυτὸν ἐπινοήσας τὸν Σικελὸν τρόπον καλούμενον <τοῦ>1 παλαίειν.

2. Ὅτι ἦν Ὀροιβαντίου <τοῦ>2 Τροιζηνίου ἔπη πρὸ Ὁμήρου, ὥς φασιν οἱ Τροιζήνιοι λόγοι. καὶ τὸν Φρύγα δὲ Δάρητα, οὗ Φρυγίαν Ἰλιάδα ἔτι καὶ νῦν ἀποσῳζομένην οἶδα, πρὸ Ὁμήρου καὶ τοῦτον γενέσθαι λέγουσι. Μελήσανδρος ὁ Μιλήσιος Λαπιθῶν καὶ Κενταύρων μάχην ἔγραψεν.

3. Ὅτι Ἴκκος ὁ Ταραντῖνος παλαιστὴς3 ὑπήρξατο σωφρονέστερον τὸν τῆς ἀθλήσεως χρόνον διαζῆν4 καὶ κεκολασμένῃ τροφῇ διαβιώσας καὶ Ἀφροδίτης ἀμαθὴς διατελέσας.

4. Ἀγαθοκλέα φασὶ τὸν Σικελίας τύραννον γελοιότατα <περὶ>5 τὴν κεφαλὴν ἀσχημονεῖν. ψιλουμένης

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Book 11

Book Eleven

1. Note that Oricadmus fixed the rules for wrestling, and devised by himself what is called the Sicilian style.1

2. Note that the poems of Oroebantius of Troezen were earlier than Homer, as Troezenian tradition reports. Dares the Phrygian, whose Iliad is to my knowledge still preserved, is also said to have lived before Homer. Melesander of Miletus wrote on the battle of Lapiths and Centaurs.2

3. Note that Iccus the wrestler from Tarentum began the practice of living soberly during the period of training; he existed on a strict diet and remained without experience of sex.3

4. They say Agathocles the tyrant of Sicily behaved most ridiculously over his head, which became bald as his

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DOI: 10.4159/DLCL.aelian-historical_miscellany.1997