- academy (Academia): A hall (gymnasium) and park at Athens sacred to the hero Academus, in which Plato established his philosophical school. Hence Plato’s school or system of philosophy, which went through various phases after his time. The terminology became confused, but Cicero recognized the ‘Old’ Academy of Plato and his immediate successors and the ‘New’ Academy of Arcesilas and Carneades, which maintained the uncertainty of all dogma and to which he himself professed to belong. In his own times this was modified by his teachers Philo of Larissa and Antiochus of Ascalon, the latter of whom claimed to represent the ‘Old’ Academy with a system akin to Stoicism. Cicero gave the name ‘Academy’ to a hall which he built on his estate at Tusculum.
- aedile (aedilis): Third in rank of the regular Roman magistracies. Four at this time were elected annually, two Curule and two Plebeian. They were responsible for city administration and the holding of certain public Games. The chief magistrates in some municipalities were also so called.
- assembly: I sometimes so translate populus or comitia, as describing the Roman people convened for electoral or