Cicero, Letters to Atticus, Volume IV

LCL 491: 386-387

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XV.18 395
XV.19 396
XV.20 397
XV.21 398
XV.22 399
XV.23 400
XV.24 401
XV.25 403
XV.26 404
XV.27 406
XV.28 405
XV.29 408
XVI.1 409
XVI.2 412
XVI.3 413
XVI.4 411
XVI.5 410
XVI.6 414
XVI.7 415
XVI.8 418
XVI.9 419
XVI.10 422
XVI.11 420
XVI.12 421
XVI.13 423
XVI.13a 424
XVI.14 425
XVI.15 426
XVI.16 407
XVI.16A 407A
XVI.16B 407B
XVI.16C 407C
XVI.16D 407D
XVI.16E 407E
XVI.16F 407F
  • academy (Academia): A hall (gymnasium) and park at Athens sacred to the hero Academus, in which Plato established his philosophical school. Hence Plato’s school or system of philosophy, which went through various phases after his time. The terminology became confused, but Cicero recognized the ‘Old’ Academy of Plato and his immediate successors and the ‘New’ Academy of Arcesilas and Carneades, which maintained the uncertainty of all dogma and to which he himself professed to belong. In his own times this was modified by his teachers Philo of Larissa and Antiochus of Ascalon, the latter of whom claimed to represent the ‘Old’ Academy with a system akin to Stoicism. Cicero gave the name ‘Academy’ to a hall which he built on his estate at Tusculum.
  • aedile (aedilis): Third in rank of the regular Roman magistracies. Four at this time were elected annually, two Curule and two Plebeian. They were responsible for city administration and the holding of certain public Games. The chief magistrates in some municipalities were also so called.
  • assembly: I sometimes so translate populus or comitia, as describing the Roman people convened for electoral or