Lucian (ca. 120–190 CE), the satirist from Samosata on the Euphrates, started as an apprentice sculptor, turned to rhetoric and visited Italy and Gaul as a successful travelling lecturer, before settling in Athens and developing his original brand of satire. Late in life he fell on hard times and accepted an official post in Egypt.
Although notable for the Attic purity and elegance of his Greek and his literary versatility, Lucian is chiefly famed for the lively, cynical wit of the humorous dialogues in which he satirises human folly, superstition and hypocrisy. His aim was to amuse rather than to instruct. Among his best works are A True Story (the tallest of tall stories about a voyage to the moon), Dialogues of the Gods (a 'reductio ad absurdum' of traditional mythology), Dialogues of the Dead (on the vanity of human wishes), Philosophies for Sale (great philosophers of the past are auctioned off as slaves), The Fisherman (the degeneracy of modern philosophers), The Carousal or Symposium (philosophers misbehave at a party), Timon (the problems of being rich), Twice Accused (Lucian's defence of his literary career) and (if by Lucian) The Ass (the amusing adventures of a man who is turned into an ass).
The Loeb Classical Library edition of Lucian is in eight volumes.
- Preface vii
- List of Lucian’s Works ix
- How to Write History 1
- The Dipsads 75
- Saturnalia 87
- Herodotus or Aëtion 141
- Zeuxis or Antiochus 153
- A Slip of The Tongue In Greeting 171
- Apology for the ‘salaried posts in Great houses’ 191
- Harmonides 215
- A Conversation With Hesiod 227
- The Scythian or The Consul 239
- Hermotimus or Concerning The Sects 259
- To one who said, ‘you’re a Prometheus in words’ 417
- The Ship or The Wishes 429
- Index 489