Cicero, Rhetorica ad Herennium

LCL 403: lviii-lix

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Introduction

  • 7. Refining (54–58):
    • (i) By repetition, with changes in
      • (a) Words
      • (b) Delivery
      • (c) Treatment
        • (α) Form of Dialogue
        • (ß) Form of Arousal
    • (ii) By descanting on theme, treatment being in seven parts:
      • (a) Simple Pronouncement
      • (b) Reason
      • (c) Second Expression in new form
      • (d) Contrary
      • (e) Comparison
      • (f) Example
      • (g) Conclusion
  • 8. Dwelling on the Point (58)
  • 9. Antithesis (58)
  • 10. Comparison (59–61)
    • (a) In form of Contrast (purpose: embellishment)
    • (b) In form of Negation (purpose: proof)
    • (c) Abridged (purpose: clarity)
    • (d) In form of Detailed Parallel (purpose: vividness)
  • 11. Exemplification (62), for
    • (a) Beauty
    • (b) Clarity
    • (c) Verisimilitude
    • (d) Vividness
  • 12. Simile (62)
    • (i) For praise
    • (ii) For censure, to excite
      • (a) Hatred
      • (b) Envy
      • (c) Contempt
  • 13. Portrayal (63)
  • 14. Character Delineation (63–65)
  • 15. Dialogue (65), including the Hypothetical
  • 16. Personification (66)
  • 17. Emphasis (67), through
    • (a) Hyperbole
    • (b) Ambiguity
    • (c) Logical Consequence
    • (d) Aposiopesis
    • (e) Analogy
  • 18. Conciseness (68)
  • 19. Ocular Demonstration (68–69).

An epilogue (69) enjoins Herennius to exercise diligently, and summarizes the contents of the treatise.

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Introduction

List of Cicero’s Works Showing Arrangement in This Edition rhetorical treatises. 5 volumes
volume
I.[Cicero], Rhetorica ad Herernnium
II.De Inventione. De Optimo Genere Oratorum. Topica
III.De Oratore, Books I–II
IV.De Oratore, Book III. De Fato. Paradoxa Stoicorum. De Partitione Oratoria
V.Brutus. Orator
orations. 10 volumes
VI.Pro Quinctio. Pro Roscio Amerino. Pro Roscio Comoedo. De Lege Agraria Contra Rullum
VII.The Verrine Orations I: In Q. Caecilium. In C. Verrem Actio I. In C. Verrem Actio II, Books I–II
VIII.The Verrine Orations II: In C. Verrem Actio II, Books III–V
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