The Public and Private Orations of Demosthenes have appeared in the preceding six volumes. They represent the deliberative and forensic styles respectively. The third category recognized by the ancients, epideictic oratory, is represented in this volume by the Funeral Speech and the Erotic Essay. Such compositions were not designed to persuade the hearers but to delight them and confirm them in sentiments already endorsed by habit and tradition. The Erotic Essay is usually called a speech, but is supposed to have been read from a written copy to a small select group.
The Prooemia or Exordia are closely related to the Public Orations. They comprise fifty-six paragraphs intended for use as introductions to speeches before the Council or Assembly. Of the six Letters five are addressed to the Council and Assembly and contain matters of public interest; they also belong, therefore, with the Public Orations. It must be added that the authenticity of all items contained in this volume has been suspected.
The late Professor A. T. Murray had made a first draft of his version of the Funeral Speech before relinquishing his work; this has been used with profit. His practice has been followed in adopting the text of Blass with some reservations.
N. W. D.
N. J. D.