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Glossary of Technical Terms

  • Adelphi, see Gods
  • Agoranomus, a government notary through whom publicly made contracts were usually drawn up
  • Ala, a body of auxiliary cavalry in the Roman army, recruited from provincials
  • Amphodarchy, see No. 320, note b
  • Anabolicum, see No. 384, note a
  • Annona, see p. 582, note b
  • Anouchi, see p. 413, note a
  • Apomoira, see p. 132, note a
  • Artaba, a measure of capacity, usually equal to about forty litres, but variable according to the standard employed. There were numerous standards, such as the “receiving,” the “dispensing,” the “half-artaba,” the “cancellus”
  • Arura, an area of land, about 2025 square metres
  • Aurum coronarium, see p. 95, note a
  • Beneficiarius, a soldier enjoying a privileged status by favour of his commander
  • Byssus, fine linen
  • Caesareum, temple of the Caesars, often used as a place of public business
  • Cancellus, see Artaba
  • Canephorus, “basket-bearer,” title of the eponymous priestess of Arsinoe I
  • Canon, fixation of a tax, or the tax itself.
  • Carat, as money = 1/24 of the normal solidus
  • Catholicus, the chief financial official in Byzantine Egypt, independent of the praefect
  • Catoecus, in the Ptolemaic period a soldier holding a grant of land; in the Roman period an owner of land which had originally been granted to military settlers
  • Centuria, a military company of nominally 100 men
  • Centurion, an officer in the Roman army, often employed on police duties
  • Chalcus, eighth part of an obol
  • Choenix, a measure of capacity, about 1 litre
  • Chous, a liquid measure, about 3 litres
  • Chrematistae, in the Ptolemaic period a board of assize judges (see No. 264); in Roman times a tribunal in Alexandria
  • Cleruch, nearly the same as catoecus; a holder of a grant of land, usually, but not necessarily, a soldier
  • Cleruchy, in the Ptolemaic period a settlement of cleruchs; in the Roman period merely a division of the land of a village
  • Cnecus, see p. 11, note d
  • Coemptio, see p. 48, note a
  • Cohort, a body of auxiliary troops in the Roman army, recruited from provincials
  • Comarch, a village official
  • Consistory, council of the Byzantine emperors
  • Coryphaeus, a certain kind of priest
  • Cosmetes, holder of one of the municipal offices which in the
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