Vitruvius, On Architecture, Volume I

LCL 251: 319

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Books I—V

Index of Architectural Terms

Note.—This index is limited to terms used or implied by Vitruvius. He wrote in the vernacular as distinguished from the literary idiom, and with a view to practice. Comparison with inscriptions both Greek and Latin shows that there was a traditional technical language used by builders, and it is fairly represented by the Latin text of H. Latin terms are in italics. Where they correspond closely to the corresponding English terms, they are sometimes left untranslated.

  • Abacus, πλίνθος, thin flat slab usually square at top of column under architrave, 187
  • Abaton, ἄβατον, sanctuary which is not to be entered, 125
  • Acanthus, ἄκανθος, Brank-Ursine, a plant of which the leaves are imitated in Corinthian capitals, Pl. D., 209
  • Acroteria, ἀκροτήρια, pedestals on the centres and sides of pediments, 195
  • Amphiprostylos, αμφιπρόστυλος, buildings with a portico at each end, Pl. B., 167
  • Ancones, ἀγκῶνες, brackets or corbels at the sides of the lintel of a doorway, 234
  • Antae, παραστάδες, the pilaster-formed ends of walls, 166
  • Apophysis, ἀπόφυσις, the hollow curve with which the base passes into the shaft of a column, Pl. C., 241
  • Apse, ἄψις, a semicircular or polygonal recess, Pl. H., 309
  • Araeostylos, ἀραιόστυλος, with wide intercolumniation, 171
  • Architrave, ἐπιστύλιον, that part of the entablature which rests upon the columns, Pls. C. and E., 191
  • Asser, ἱμάς, small rafter, lath, 213
  • Astragal, ἀστράγαλος, a convex moulding with long and short beads, 187
  • Axis, ἄξις, the centre of a volute, Pl. C., 188; vern., a plank, 212, cf. Caes. B.C. II. 9
  • Base, βάσις, the lowest part of a column, Pl. C., 207
  • Basilica, βασιλική, a lawcourt, 257
  • Bed, cubiculum, the level surface on which a brick or stone or joist is laid, 216
  • Bedjoint, cubile, ἁρμὸς ὕπτιος, the mortar or cement filling in, between the bed and the material above, 113
  • Bond, coagmentatio, ἁρμονία, the overlapping of bricks or stones in a wall, 115
  • Bondstone, diatonos, διάτονος, κρατευτής, a stone stretching through wall, 117
  • Bricks, lateres, πλίνθοι, made of sun-dried clay, used until the end of the Republic, 116
  • Burnt bricks, testae, πλίνθοι ὀπταί, kiln-baked bricks, came in with the Empire, 126