Cicero, Letters to Friends, Volume I

LCL 205: 22-23

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Introduction

  • by Caesarians for reasons unknown, he wrote ‘on the deeds of brave men.’
  • Ancharius, Q. As Tribune in 59 he opposed Caesar. Praetor in 56; succeeded L. Piso as governor of Macedonia in the following year.
  • Antonius, C. Cicero’s colleague in the Consulship of 63, suspected of Catilinarian leanings; he had previously been expelled from the Senate for rapacity and insolvency. Governor of Macedonia 62–60. Condemned after his return to Rome, he went into exile but lived to become Censor (!) in 42. Mark Antony was his nephew.
  • Antonius, M. Caesar’s Quaestor in 52 and one of his principal lieutenants in the Civil War. Tribune in 49. Consul with Caesar in 44 and would-be successor to his power, he eventually formed the Triumvirate of 43 along with Octavian and Lepidus. As ruler of the eastern half of the empire he quarrelled with Octavian and committed suicide after defeat at Actium in 31.
  • Appuleius. Proquaestor in Asia in 46. He may have been Sex. Appuleius, Consul in 29, or P. Appuleius, Tribune in 43.
  • Asinius Pollio, C. Born about 76, Praetor in 45, Consul in 40. Soldier, orator, author of tragedies and historian. Governor of Further Spain at the time of Caesar’s death, he joined Antony in 43 and remained his supporter, but lived on under Augustus until 5 a.d.
  • Caecilius Metellus Celer, Q. As Praetor in 63 cooperated with Cicero against Catiline. Governor of Cisalpine Gaul in 62, Consul in 60. Died in 59. His wife was the notorious Clodia, who was half-sister to his half-brother P. Clodius.
  • Caecilius Metellus Nepos, Q. Younger brother to the fore­going.
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Introduction

  • As Tribune in 62 agitated against Cicero and was suspended from office. Consul in 57, then governor of Hither Spain.
  • Caecina, A. Friend of Cicero, who defended his father in an extant speech; of noble Etruscan family. Noted orator and author among other things of a treatise on divination by lightning.
  • Caelius Rufus, M. Born about 88. Placed by his father under Cicero’s patronage and successfully defended by him on a criminal charge in 56 (subject of the speech Pro Caelio). One of the leading orators of the period. Tribune in 52, Curule Aedile in 50. Previously an opponent of Caesar, he changed sides just before the outbreak of the Civil War and was made Praetor in 48. As such he started an agitation in favour of debtors; this ended in an attempted rising against Caesar in which he and his associate Milo lost their lives.
  • Caesius, P. Nothing is known about him but the Caesii were prominent in Arpinum.
  • Cassius Longinus, C. As Proquaestor took charge of Syria after Crassus’ death at Carrhae in 53. Gained a success against invading Parthians in 51. As Tribune in 49 joined Pompey. Pardoned and favoured by Caesar, he became Praetor in 44 and one of the leading conspirators against Caesar’s life. Subsequently organized forces against the Triumvirs in the East and perished with Brutus at Philippi in 42. Married to Brutus’ half-sister, Junia Tertia (Tertulla).
  • Cassius Parmensis, C. (‘Of Parma’; such descriptives were sometimes treated as cognomina). Quaestor in 43. According to Velleius (who may, however, have confused him with someone else), he was one of Caesar’s assas­sins
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