SELECT GLOSSARY OF TECHNICAL AND OTHER TERMS
As a rule, only the meanings of words in Aristotle’s Rhetoric are noticed, without reference to later rhetoricians.
- ἀγωνιστικός: (1.5.14) “in athletics”; (3.12.1) of style, “suited to debate” (ἀγών), including both deliberative and forensic speeches. It is opposed to γραφική, the style of compositions meant to be read.
- ἀκρίβεια (3.12.5), ἀκριβολογία (1.5.15), ἀκριβής (3.17.12): of style, “precise,” “nicely finished,” “highly correct”; of statements, “exact,” “closely reasoned.”
- ἀποπλάνησις: (3.13.5) diverting the judges’ attention from what is unfavorable; unless it is taken in a neuter sense, “wandering from the subject,” “digression.”
- ἁρμονία: (3.1.4) literally, “joining”; here, pitch or tone, accent, modulation of the voice.
- ἀρχή . . . αἴτιον: (1.7.12) the latter (cause) precedes the former (first principle or beginning). In a plant, the seed is the ἀρχή, the power of vegetation the αἴτιον.
- ἄτεχνοι: (1.2.2, 1.15.1) of means of persuasion, those that do not belong to the art, being already in existence and ready for use; ἔντεχνοι are those which have to be invented by the orator.
- αὔξησις (1.9.39), αὐξητικά (1.9.38), αὔξειν (2.18.4): “amplification.” Its object is to increase the rhetorical effect and importance of a statement by intensifying the circumstances of an object or action.