Herodotus, The Persian Wars, Volume I

LCL 117: vi-vii

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Bibliographical Addendum (1990)


  • P.-E. Legrand (Budé), 11 vols (Introd., 1–9, Index), Paris 1932–54
  • W. G. Waddell, Book 2, Methuen 1939
  • A. B. Lloyd, Book 2 (2 vols: I Introduction; II Commentary 1–98) Leiden 1975, 1976


  • W. W. How and J. Wells, 2 vols, Oxford 19282


  • J. E. Powell (Oxford Library of Translations), 2 vols, Oxford 1949


  • J. E. Powell, Cambridge 1938


  • J. L. Myres: Herodotus, The Father of History, Oxford 1953
  • François Hartog: The Mirror of Herodotus (trans. Janet Lloyd), Berkeley and Los Angeles 1988
  • C. Fornara: Herodotus, An Interpretative Essay, Oxford 1971
  • H. Immerwahr: Form and Thought in Herodotus, Cleveland 1966
  • Mabel L. Lang: Herodotean Narrative and Discourse, Cambridge, Mass. 1984
General Introduction A

It is impossible to give certain and undisputed dates for the lifetime of Herodotus. But if we are to believe Aulus Gellius, he was born in 484 b.c.; and the internal evidence of his History proves that he was alive during some part of the Peloponnesian war, as he alludes to incidents which occurred in its earlier years. He may therefore be safely said to have been a contemporary of the two great wars which respectively founded and ended the brief and brilliant pre-eminence of Athens in Hellas. He belongs in the fullest sense to the “great” period of Greek history.

Herodotus was (it is agreed on all hands) a native of Halicarnassus in Caria; and if his birth fell in 484, he was born a subject of the Great King. His early life was spent, apparently, in his native town, or possibly in the island of Samos, of which he shows an intimate knowledge. Tradition asserts that after a visit to Samos he “returned to Halicarnassus and expelled the tyrant” (Lygdamis); “but when later he saw himself disliked by his countrymen, he went as a volunteer to Thurium, when it was being colonised