here again I can only say that I have tried my best.
The text of Spiro has rarely been altered. A few of the most plausible conjectures, generally though not always adopted by Spiro, have been assigned to their authors in footnotes.
In my translation I have not distinguished between “Medes” and “Persians,” or “Ilium” and “Troy” It is rather deceptive to an English reader to do so, and the Greek scholar can easily tell from the original which word in each case was used by Pausanias.
I have to acknowledge much kind help. Especially am I indebted to my friend Mr. A. W. Spratt, Fellow of St. Catharine’s College, for his careful reading of the proofs. Professor Ridgeway and my colleague, Mr. R. B Appleton, have given invaluable criticism and advice.
W. H. S. J.
About Pausanias we know nothing except what we can gather from a few scattered hints in his own Tour of Greece. In book v. xiii. § 7 he mentions “the dwelling among us of Pelops and Tantalus,” and “the throne of Pelops on Mount Sipylus” It is a fair inference that Pausanias was a native of Lydia. His date we can fix with tolerable certainty. In v. i. § 2 he says that two hundred and seventeen years had passed since Corinth was repeopled. Now Corinth was restored in 44 b.c., so that Pausanias was writing his fifth book in 174 a.d. Again, in vii. xx. § 6, he tells us that in his account of Attica he did not mention the Odeum of Herodes because it was not yet built at the time of writing; but we happen to know that it was built during the time of the Antonines. These emperors Pausanias knows as “the first Antonine” and “the second Antonine,” and he mentions a war of the latter against the Germans and Sauromatae. This war began in 166 a.d., and the emperor triumphed in 176 a.d.