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  • Nemesis, statue of, at Rhamnus by Phidias, 221, 22, 263; others, 223, 224
  • Nicaea, inscriptions at, xv. 4–8; statue of the city at Constantinople, 378
  • Nicander, martyr, xv. 3
  • Nicetas, Byzantine general (7th cent. a.d.), 46, 47
  • Niobe, statue of, by Praxiteles, 129; group of herself and children, 131–134; picture of, 130
  • Nostoi, epic poem attributed to Homer, 300
  • Nymphs, dedication to, 264a, 291; statues of, by Praxiteles, 262
  • Oath, ceremony of, xiv. 72
  • Odrysians, tribe in Thrace, 6
  • Oppian, Halieutica of, 311
  • Oribasius, celebrated physician and medical writer (4th cent. a.d.), 274
  • Palamedes, inventor of draughts, xv. 18
  • Pan, prayer to, 17; dedication to, 291; his love for Echo, 154, 156, 225; statues of, rustic and protective, 189; at Marathon, erected by Miltiades, 232, 233; by Praxiteles, 262; on acropolis of Athens, 259; in Crete, 258; others, 225, 226, 229, 234, 235
  • Paris, oracle addressed to, xiv. 100; his beauty, 49
  • Pelops, a charioteer so styled, xv. 48
  • Pergamus, sculptures at, 91, 97; inscription at, 36
  • Periander, tyrant of Corinth, 276
  • Persephone, see Demeter
  • Persians, Justinian’s and Justin’s wars with, 62, 72
  • Phais, painter (date unknown), 117
  • Phidalia, see Byzas
  • Phidias, his statue of Nemesis, 221, 222, 263; that of Zeus, 81
  • Philadelphia, 34
  • Philip V, of Macedon, 6
  • Philoctetes, statue of, 112; picture, of, 111, 113
  • Philopoemen, statue of, at Tegea, 26a
  • Pindar, epigram on, 305
  • Plato, epitaph on, 31; portrait of, 328
  • Plutarch, portrait of, 331
  • Polycleitus, 150; his statue of Hera, 216
  • Polygnotus, his picture of Salmoneus, 30; of Polyxena, 150
  • Polyphemus, xiv. 119; statue of, xiv. 132
  • Polyxena, picture of, by Polygnotus, 150
  • Porphyrius, charioteer, statues of, xv. 44, 46, 47, xvi. 335–362; pictures of, 380, 381
  • Praxagoras, famous physician (4th cent. b.c.), 273
  • Praxiteles, statues by, his Cnidean Aphrodite, 159–163, 165–170; his Eros at Thespiae, 167, 204–206; Niobe, 129; Pan, Nymphs and Danae, 262
  • Priapus, statues of, 86, 236–243, 260, 261
  • Prometheus, statue of, 87, 88
  • Pronomus, flute player (5th cent. b.c.), statue of, 28
  • Pyrrhus slaying Polyxena, picture of, 114
  • Pythagoras and his pupils, xiv, 1; statue of, 325, 326
  • Rhodes, 49; colossus of, 82
  • Salmoneus, statue of, 30
  • Sappho, portrait of, 310
  • Sarapis, oracle by, xiv. 70; dedication to, xiii, 7
  • Sardanapalus, epitaph of, 27
396
  • Satyr in the service of Hephaestus, 15, 15a; sleeping, 248; other statues of, 244–246; in mosaic, 247
  • Scopas, his statue of a Bacchant, 60; of Hermes, 192
  • Seriphus, xiii, 12
  • Smyrna, earthquake at, 42, 43
  • Socrates, picture of, 327
  • Sosander, veterinary surgeon, 271
  • Sphinx, riddle of, xiv. 64
  • Tantalus, carving of, 89
  • Tegea, 280
  • Telephus, statue of, 110
  • Tetrachords, musical, 220
  • Theiodamas, see Heracles
  • Theodora, wife of Justinian, 77, 78
  • Theodosius I, emperor (379–395), xv. 9; statue of, 65
  • Theseus, oracle concerning, xiv. 77; fighting with the Marathonian bull, 105
  • Thetis, xiv. 27
  • Tiberius, epigram in praise of, 61
  • Time, statue of, by Lysippus, 275
  • Timomachus, painter (4th cent. b.c.?), his Ajax, 83; his Medea, 135–140
  • Ulysses, picture of, 125
  • Uranius, charioteer, statues of, xv. 48–50, xvi. 376–378
  • Victories, paintings of, 282
  • Virgil, criticism of his treatment of Dido, 151
  • Zethus and Amphion, sons of Boreas, statues of, xiv. 13
  • Zeno, emperor (474–491 a.d.), statues of, 69, 70
  • Zeus, statue of, by Phidias, 81
397